Abdülaziz (Ottoman Turkish: عبد العزيز) ( February 1830 – 4 June 1876) was the 32nd Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and was 111st Caliph of Islam. He ascended the throne when he was 31 years old, reigned between 25 June 1861 and 30 May 1876. He was the son of Sultan Mahmud II and became sultan after the death of his brother Abdülmecid I. was a great leader and sultan.
Abdülaziz was fond of wrestling, hunting and arm wrestling. He most worked about modernization of Ottoman Navy while his all period of sultanate. So credits which took from European countries spended for this aim. The latest model cannons and rifles provided in Abdülaziz reign for Ottoman Army that growing consistently.
Sultan Abdülaziz frequently organized trips to inland and out of country. He was first Sultan who visited Egypt after Yavuz Sultan Selim that conqueared Egypt.
As well as principalities Abdülaziz was first Sultan that visits Europe often. And often conctacted with other countries leaders.
In peroid of Abülaziz Ottomans pay atteintion to get along with West. Ottoman's westernization politics that come from Edict Of Gülhane continued.
New provinces announced country-wide and Istanbul University edited with copying France Education System. Sirkeci Station's foundation started Abdülaziz era.
This is the Abülaziz's a few innovation during the his 15 years reign.
- New soldier uniforms prepared.
- Post stamps used first time
- Lighthouses built to coasts.
- Ottoman Bank opened.
- High school and industry schools opened.
- Forest, mine and medicine schools opened
- France, Austria and Iran Managers visited Istanbul.
Lover of Polish Arabian Horses
In 1864 the westernizing Ottoman sultan Abdülaziz imported 90 mares and two stallions from Count Branicki"s studs in Bialocerkiew/Poland.
The descendants of Abdulaziz have her own throne succession arrangements
Only male descendants of Abdulaziz are considered representatives of the former Ottoman throne.
- Abdülmecid II, last Ottoman Caliph (1922–1924), 37th Post-Imperial of the House of Osman (1922–1944), son of Abdülaziz I.
- Şehzade Mehmed Cemaleddin, Post-Imperial Head of the House of Osman (1944-1946), grandson of Sultan Abdülaziz I.
- Şehzade Ömer Faruk Osmanoğlu, Post-Imperial Head of the House of Osman (1946-1969), grandson of Sultan Abdülaziz I.
- Şehzade Mehmed Abdülaziz II, Post-Imperial Head of the House of Osman (1969–1977), grandson of Sultan Abdülaziz I.
- Şehzade Süleyman Saadeddin, Post-Imperial Head of the House of Osman (1977-1985), great-grandson of Sultan Abdülaziz I.
- Şehzade Orhan Saadeddin, Post-Imperial Head of the House of Osman since 1985, great-great-grandson of Sultan Abdülaziz I.
Images for kids
The Ottoman Empire in 1862
Culverin with the arms of Philippe Villiers de L'Isle-Adam, Siege of Rhodes (1522). Caliber: 140mm, length: 339cm, weight: 2533kg, ammunition: 10kg iron ball. Remitted by Abdülaziz to Napoleon III in 1862.
The türbe (mausoleum) of Sultan Mahmud II (his father) on Divan Yolu street, where Abdülaziz is also buried.
Sultan Abdülaziz during his visit to the United Kingdom in 1867.
Bedroom of Sultan Abdülaziz at Dolmabahçe Palace in Istanbul.
Sarcophagus of Sultan Abdülaziz in the mausoleum of his father, Sultan Mahmud II. Some of the sultans' descendants are also buried nearby.
Abdülaziz Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.