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Anton Mussert
Anton Mussert.jpg
Leader of the Dutch People
In office
13 December 1942 (1942-12-13) – 6 May 1945 (1945-05-06)
Serving with Arthur Seyss-Inquart
Preceded by Office created
Succeeded by Office abolished
Leader of the National Socialist Movement
In office
14 December 1931 (1931-12-14) – 6 May 1945 (1945-05-06)
Preceded by Office created
Succeeded by Office abolished
Personal details
Born
Anton Adriaan Mussert

(1894-05-11)11 May 1894
Werkendam, Netherlands
Died 7 May 1946(1946-05-07) (aged 51)
The Hague, Netherlands
Nationality Dutch
Political party National Socialist Movement
Spouse(s) Maria Witlam
Parents
  • Joannes Leonardus Mussert (father)
  • Frederika Witlam (mother, sister in law)
Alma mater Delft University of Technology (MEng)
Occupation Politician
Civil engineer

Anton Adriaan Mussert ( 11 May 1894 – 7 May 1946) was a Dutch politician who co-founded the National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands (NSB) in 1931 and served as its leader until the party was banned in 1945. As such, he was the most prominent Dutch fascist before and during World War II. Mussert collaborated with the German occupation government, but was granted little actual power and held the nominal title of Leider van het Nederlandsche Volk ("Leader of the Dutch People") from 1942 onwards. In May 1945, as the war came to an end in Europe, Mussert was captured and arrested by Allied forces. He was charged and convicted of treason, and was executed in 1946.

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