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Arturo Frondizi
Frondizi pensativo.JPG
32nd President of Argentina
In office
May 1, 1958 – March 29, 1962
Vice President
  • Alejandro Gómez (1958)
  • None (1958–1962)
Preceded by Pedro Eugenio Aramburu
Succeeded by José María Guido
President of the Radical Civic Union National Committee
In office
December 1954 – December 1963
Preceded by Santiago H. del Castillo
Succeeded by Oscar Alende
Personal details
Born
Arturo Frondizi Ércoli

October 28, 1908
Paso de los Libres, Corrientes, Argentina
Died April 18, 1995(1995-04-18) (aged 86)
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Resting place Basílica de la Inmaculada Concepción
Entre Ríos, Argentina
Nationality  Argentina
Political party
  • Radical Civic Union
    (1932–1956)
  • Intransigent Radical Civic Union
    (1956–1963)
  • Integration and Development Movement
    (1963–1986)
Spouse(s) Elena Luisa María Faggionato
(m. 1933–1991); her death
Children Elena Frondizi Faggionato
Alma mater University of Buenos Aires
Profession Lawyer
Signature

Arturo Frondizi Ércoli (October 28, 1908 – April 18, 1995) was an Argentine lawyer, journalist, teacher and politician, who was elected President of Argentina and ruled between May 1, 1958 and March 29, 1962, when he was overthrown by a military coup.

His government was characterized by an ideological shift, inspired by Rogelio Frigerio, towards a type of developmentalism less promoted by the State and more oriented to the development of heavy industry as a consequence of the installation of multinational companies. Its socio-labor, oil and educational policy had peaks of high conflict, with large demonstrations and strikes by the labor movement and the student movement, as well as numerous attacks against the government for political purposes in which 17 civilians and soldiers were murdered.

The Frondizi government suffered great pressure from the armed forces, which was imposed on it by the liberal Economy Ministers Álvaro Alsogaray and Roberto Alemann, and the retirement of Frigerio as a government advisor. Despite this, Frondizi was able to continue with its development line. He was unable to finish his presidential term, as he was overthrown by a coup on March 29, 1962. That day he was detained by the coup military and a decree of the Executive Power of José María Guido validated his detention without trial for eighteen months. preventing him from participating in it in the 1963 elections. Frondizi criticized the inauguration and the government of Arturo Illia, who in fact accepted the overthrow of Frondizi as legal and annulled some of his oil contracts. In 1966 he supported the military coup that overthrew Illia, thinking that the "Argentine Revolution" was an opportunity to make an economic revolution. However, he would abandon that idea when Adalbert Krieger Vasena assumed the Ministry of Economy.

On April 18, 1995, Arturo Frondizi died at the age of 86 at the Hospital Italiano in the city of Buenos Aires of natural causes.

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