- This page was last modified on 19 April 2017, at 18:20.
Image: Beach Party Annette Funicello Frankie Avalon Mid-1960s
Original image (475 × 684 pixels, file size: 188 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)
Description: Publicity photo of American entertainers Frankie Avalon and Annette Funicello depicting their roles in the series of Beach Party films they popularized during the mid-1960s. The attached newspaper clippings which published the photo do not provide a specific year for the 1960s image (right), or which particular film the image is from, but simply refer to the image as depicting the subjects during the "beach-party era" (circa, 1963–1965).
Title: Beach Party Annette Funicello Frankie Avalon Mid-1960s
Credit: eBay item photo front photo back
Author: It is unclear as to whether the press-materials were distributed by Avalon and/or Funicello's personal publicity agency or by one of the studios/networks promoting one of their film/television appearances at the time (circa, 1977).
Permission: PD-PRE1978. The photo has no copyright markings on it as can be seen in the links above (also see original upload). It was created for publicity purposes-distribution to the media. The image was meant to bring attention and publicity for the personalities pictured, the film/program he/she was part of, and the studio/network distributing/airing it. Film production expert Eve Light Honathaner in The Complete Film Production Handbook, (Focal Press, 2001 p. 211.): "Publicity photos (star headshots) have traditionally not been copyrighted. Since they are disseminated to the public, they are generally considered public domain, and therefore clearance by the studio that produced them is not necessary." "There is a vast body of photographs, including but not limited to publicity stills, that have no notice as to who may have created them." (The Professional Photographer's Legal Handbook By Nancy E. Wolff, Allworth Communications, 2007, p. 55.) Creative Clearance-Publicity photos "Publicity Photos (star headshots) older publicity stills have usually not been copyrighted and since they have been disseminated to the public, they are generally considered public domain and therefore there is no necessity to clear them with the studio that produced them (if you can even determine who did)." United States Copyright Office page 2 "Visually Perceptible Copies The notice for visually perceptible copies should contain all three elements described below. They should appear together or in close proximity on the copies. 1 The symbol © (letter C in a circle); the word “Copyright”; or the abbreviation “Copr.” 2 The year of first publication. If the work is a derivative work or a compilation incorporating previously published material, the year date of first publication of the derivative work or compilation is sufficient. Examples of derivative works are translations or dramatizations; an example of a compilation is an anthology. The year may be omitted when a pictorial, graphic, or sculptural work, with accompanying textual matter, if any, is reproduced in or on greeting cards, postcards, stationery, jewelry, dolls, toys, or useful articles. 3 The name of the copyright owner, an abbreviation by which the name can be recognized, or a generally known alternative designation of owner.1 Example © 2007 Jane Doe.")
Usage Terms: Public domain
License: Public domain
Attribution Required?: No