Kyōhō (享保) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō,, lit. "year name") after Shōtoku and before Gembun. This period started in July 1716 and ended in April 1736. During this time, the emperors were Nakamikado-tennō (中御門天皇) and Sakuramachi-tennō (桜町天皇).
Events of the Kyōhō era
- 1717 (Kyōhō 2): Kyōhō reforms are directed and overseen by Shogun Yoshimune.
- 1718 (Kyōhō 3): The bakufu repaired the Imperial tombs.
- 1718 (Kyōhō 3, 8th month): Shogunate creates a petition-box (目安箱 meyasubako) in Heian-kyō (Kyoto).
- 1721 (Kyōhō 6): Edo population of 1.1 million makes it the world's largest city.
- 1730 (Kyōhō 15): The Tokugawa shogunate monitors the Dojima Rice Market in Osaka.
- 3 August 1730 (Kyōhō 15, 20th day of the 6th month): A fire destroyed 3,790 houses in Heian-kyō.
- 1732 (Kyōhō 17): Locusts eat crops in areas around the inland sea.
- 24 September 1732 (Kyōhō 17, 24th day of the 9th month): Former-Emperor Reigen died.
- 1733 (Kyōhō 18): Ginseng grown in Japan begins to be available in the Japanese food markets.
- 13 April 1735 (Kyōhō 20, 21st day of the 3rd month) : Nakamikado abdicated; and the succession passed to his son (senso). Soon after, Empress Sakuamachi's role as monarch was confirmed by ceremonies (sokui).
- 1735 (Kyōhō 20): Sweet potatoes were introduced into the Japanese diet.
Noteworty coins were minted during this era, including the gold ōban and koban.
- National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
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Kyōhō Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.