List of countries by national capital, largest and second-largest cities facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts

This is a list of the largest and second-largest cities by population in each country. If a territory or region of a certain country is listed, the name of the country is specified in parentheses immediately after the name of the territory.

Oran facade maritime
Oran, Algeria
Panorama del centro de Córdoba desde Parque de las naciones 2011-02-06
Córdoba, Argentina
Melbourne Skyline and Princes Bridge - Dec 2008
Melbourne, Australia
Crw 0179 Herz-Jesu Kirche
Graz, Austria
OlV toren en Boerentoren Antwerpen vanaf Linkeroever
Antwerp, Belgium
Christ on Corcovado mountain
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
VuedeMontreal
Montréal, Canada
Arco de Medicina UdeC
Concepción, Chile
CBD view from Tongzhou 3
Beijing, China
Panoramica Centro De Medellin
Medellín, Colombia
View of Split3
Split, Croatia
Aarhus DK Gastronimie am Kanal Feb 04
Aarhus, Denmark
Alexandria 2122972
Alexandria, Egypt
Otaniemi from air
Espoo, Finland
MARSEILLE 3
Marseille, France
Hamburg07
Hamburg, Germany
Saloniki Nikis2
Thessaloniki, Greece
Déri Múzeum (5226. számú műemlék) 2
Debrecen, Hungary
Smog in Dehli edited
Delhi, India
Milan (Milano) Skyline seen from Southeast
Milan, Italy
Yokohama MinatoMirai21
Yokohama, Japan
Busan harbour
Busan, South Korea
5300
Ecatepec, Mexico
Station Rotterdam-Blaak
Rotterdam, Netherlands
Christchurch City
Christchurch, New Zealand
Bergen-View
Bergen, Norway
Cebu City Skyline
Cebu City, Philippines
Kraków - Wawel from Kopiec Krakusa
Kraków, Poland
Komarovsky Bridge in St Petersburg
Saint Petersburg, Russia
BCN01
Barcelona, Spain
Östra Hamngatan from Göteborgshjulet 2010-05-26 1b
Gothenburg, Sweden
Geneve 2005 001 Ork.ch
Geneva, Switzerland
Ddm 2004 027 Kaohsiung Harbor
Kaohsiung, Taiwan
Sogutozu Ankara Turkey
Ankara, Turkey
Country or territory Capital City proper
Largest Second largest
Metropolitan area (if different)
Largest Second largest
 Abkhazia (Georgia) Sukhumi Gagra
 Afghanistan Kabul Kandahar
 Akrotiri and Dhekelia (UK) Episkopi Cantonment Ayios Nikolaos
 Åland Islands (Finland) Mariehamn Jomala
 Albania Tirana Durrës
 Algeria Algiers Oran
 American Samoa (US) Pago Pago Tafuna Nu'uuli
 Andorra Andorra la Vella Les Escaldes
 Angola Luanda Huambo
 Anguilla (UK) The Valley North Side The Valley
 Antigua and Barbuda St. John's All Saints
 Argentina Buenos Aires Córdoba
 Armenia Yerevan Gyumri
 Aruba (Netherlands) Oranjestad Sint Nicolaas
 Australia Canberra Sydney Melbourne
 Austria Vienna Graz
 Azerbaijan Baku Ganja
 Bahamas Nassau Freeport
 Bahrain Manama Riffa
 Bangladesh Dhaka Chittagong
 Barbados Bridgetown Speightstown
 Belarus Minsk Homel
 Belgium Brussels Antwerp
 Belize Belmopan Belize City San Ignacio
 Benin Porto-Novo Cotonou Abomey-Calavi
 Bermuda (UK) Hamilton St. George's Hamilton
 Bhutan Thimphu Phuntsholing
 Bolivia Sucre, La Paz Santa Cruz de la Sierra El Alto
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo Banja Luka
 Botswana Gaborone Francistown
 Brazil Brasília São Paulo Rio de Janeiro
 Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan Kuala Belait
 Bulgaria Sofia Plovdiv
 Burkina Faso Ouagadougou Bobo-Dioulasso
 Burundi Bujumbura Muyinga
 Cambodia Phnom Penh Siem Reap
 Cameroon Yaoundé Douala Yaoundé
 Canada Ottawa Toronto Montreal
 Cape Verde Praia Mindelo
 Cayman Islands (UK) George Town West Bay
 Central African Republic Bangui Bimbo
 Chad N'Djamena Moundou
 Chile Santiago Puente Alto
 China, People's Republic of Beijing Shanghai Beijing
 China, Republic of Taipei New Taipei Taichung
 Christmas Island (Australia) Flying Fish Cove Poon Saan
 Cocos (Keeling) Islands (Australia) West Island Bantam West Island
 Colombia Bogotá Medellín
 Comoros Moroni Mutsamudu
 Congo, Democratic Republic of the Kinshasa Lubumbashi
 Congo, Republic of the Brazzaville Pointe-Noire
 Cook Islands (New Zealand) Avarua Amuri
 Costa Rica San José Alajuela
 Côte d'Ivoire Yamoussoukro Abidjan Bouaké
 Croatia Zagreb Split
 Cuba Havana Santiago de Cuba
 Curaçao (Netherlands) Willemstad Sint Michiel
 Cyprus Nicosia Limassol
 Czech Republic Prague Brno
Ostrava
 Denmark Copenhagen Aarhus
 Djibouti Djibouti Ali Sabieh
 Dominica Roseau Portsmouth
 Dominican Republic Santo Domingo Santiago de los Caballeros
 East Timor Dili Dare
 Ecuador Quito Guayaquil Quito
 Egypt Cairo Alexandria
 El Salvador San Salvador Santa Ana
 Equatorial Guinea Malabo Bata Malabo
 Eritrea Asmara Keren
 Estonia Tallinn Tartu
 Ethiopia Addis Ababa Dire Dawa
 Falkland Islands (UK) Stanley Goose Green
 Faroe Islands (Denmark) Tórshavn Klaksvík
 Fiji Suva Nasinu Suva
 Finland Helsinki Espoo
Tampere
 France Paris Marseille
Lyon
 French Guiana (France) Cayenne Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni
 French Polynesia (France) Papeete Mahina
 Gabon Libreville Port-Gentil
 Gambia, The Banjul Serekunda Brikama
 Georgia Tbilisi Kutaisi
 Germany Berlin Berlin Hamburg
Rhine-Ruhr Berlin
 Ghana Accra Kumasi
 Gibraltar (UK) Gibraltar
 Greece Athens Thessaloniki
 Greenland (Denmark) Nuuk Sisimiut
 Grenada St. George's Gouyave
 Guam (US) Hagåtña Tamuning Mangilao
 Guatemala Guatemala City Quetzaltenango
 Guernsey (UK) Saint Peter Port Vale
 Guinea Conakry Nzérékoré
 Guinea-Bissau Bissau Gabú
 Guyana Georgetown Linden
 Haiti Port-au-Prince Gonaïves
 Honduras Tegucigalpa San Pedro Sula
 Hong Kong (China) Victoria Kowloon Victoria
 Hungary Budapest Debrecen
 Iceland Reykjavík Kópavogur
 India New Delhi Mumbai Delhi
 Indonesia Jakarta Surabaya
 Iran Tehran Mashhad
 Iraq Baghdad Basra
 Ireland Dublin Cork
 Isle of Man (UK) Douglas Onchan
 Israel Jerusalem Tel Aviv
 Italy Rome Rome Milan
Milan Rome
 Jamaica Kingston Spanish Town
 Japan Tokyo Yokohama
Osaka
 Jersey (UK) Saint Helier Saint Saviour
 Jordan Amman Zarqa
 Kazakhstan Astana Almaty Astana
 Kenya Nairobi Mombasa
 Kiribati Tarawa Betio Bairiki
 Korea, North Pyongyang Hamhung
 Korea, South Seoul Busan
 Kosovo Pristina Prizren
 Kuwait Kuwait City Al Jahra
 Kyrgyzstan Bishkek Osh
 Laos Vientiane Pakxe
 Latvia Riga Daugavpils
 Lebanon Beirut Tripoli
 Lesotho Maseru Teyateyaneng
 Liberia Monrovia Gbarnga
 Libya Tripoli Benghazi
 Liechtenstein Vaduz Schaan Vaduz
 Lithuania Vilnius Kaunas
 Luxembourg Luxembourg City Esch-sur-Alzette
 Macedonia Skopje Bitola
 Madagascar Antananarivo Toamasina
 Malawi Lilongwe Blantyre
 Malaysia Kuala Lumpur George Town
 Maldives Malé Addu City
 Mali Bamako Sikasso
 Malta Valletta Birkirkara Mosta
Valletta
 Marshall Islands Majuro Ebeye Rita
 Mauritania Nouakchott Nouadhibou
 Mauritius Port Louis Beau Bassin-Rose Hill
 Mayotte (France) Mamoudzou Dzaoudzi
 Mexico Mexico City Ecatepec
 Federated States of Micronesia Palikir Weno Palikir
 Moldova Chişinău Tiraspol
 Monaco Monaco Monte Carlo La Condamine
 Mongolia Ulaanbaatar Darkhan
 Montenegro Podgorica Nikšić
 Montserrat (UK) Brades Saint Peter's
 Morocco Rabat Casablanca Fez
 Mozambique Maputo Beira
 Myanmar Nay Pyi Taw Yangon Mandalay
 Nagorno-Karabakh (Azerbaijan) Stepanakert Shusha
 Namibia Windhoek Rundu
 Nauru Yaren Denigomudu
 Nepal Kathmandu Pokhara
 Netherlands Amsterdam Rotterdam
 New Caledonia (France) Nouméa
 New Zealand Wellington Auckland Wellington
 Nicaragua Managua León
 Niger Niamey Zinder
 Nigeria Abuja Lagos Kano
 Niue (New Zealand) Alofi Hakupu
 Norfolk Island (Australia) Kingston Burnt Pine Kingston
 Northern Mariana Islands (US) San Antonio Garapan
 Norway Oslo Bergen
 Oman Muscat Salalah
 Pakistan Islamabad Karachi Lahore
 Palau Ngerulmud Koror Airai
 State of Palestine East Jerusalem Gaza City Hebron
East Jerusalem
 Panama Panama City Colón
 Papua New Guinea Port Moresby Lae
 Paraguay Asunción Ciudad del Este
 Peru Lima Arequipa
 Philippines Manila Quezon City Manila
Manila Cebu City
 Pitcairn Islands (UK) Adamstown
 Poland Warsaw Kraków
 Portugal Lisbon Porto
 Puerto Rico (US) San Juan Bayamón
Ponce
 Qatar Doha Al Rayyan
 Romania Bucharest Cluj-Napoca
Constanța
 Russia Moscow Saint Petersburg
 Rwanda Kigali Muhanga
 Saint Barthélemy (France) Gustavia St. Jean
 Saint Helena (UK) Jamestown Half Tree Hollow Jamestown
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Basseterre Charlestown
 Saint Lucia Castries Gros Islet
 Saint Martin (France) Marigot Rambaud
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France) Saint-Pierre Miquelon
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Kingstown Georgetown
 Samoa Apia Vaitele
 San Marino San Marino Dogana Borgo Maggiore
 São Tomé and Príncipe São Tomé Trindade
 Saudi Arabia Riyadh Jeddah
 Senegal Dakar Touba
 Serbia Belgrade Novi Sad
 Seychelles Victoria Anse Etoile
 Sierra Leone Freetown Bo
 Singapore Singapore
 Sint Maarten (Netherlands) Philipsburg Lower Prince's Quarter Cul De Sac
 Slovakia Bratislava Košice
 Slovenia Ljubljana Maribor
 Solomon Islands Honiara Gizo
 Somalia Mogadishu Hargeisa
 South Africa Cape Town Cape Town Durban
Johannesburg Cape Town
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (UK) King Edward Point Grytviken
 South Ossetia (Georgia) Tskhinvali Akhalgori
 South Sudan Juba Yei
 Spain Madrid Barcelona
 Sri Lanka Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte Colombo Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia
Kandy
 Sudan Khartoum Omdurman Khartoum
Khartoum Port Sudan
 Suriname Paramaribo Lelydorp
Template:Country data Svalbard and Jan Mayen (Norway) Longyearbyen Barentsburg
 Swaziland Mbabane Manzini Mbabane
 Sweden Stockholm Gothenburg
 Switzerland Bern Zürich Geneva
 Syria Damascus Aleppo Damascus
 Tajikistan Dushanbe Khujand
 Tanzania Dodoma Dar es Salaam Mwanza
 Thailand Bangkok Nonthaburi
Pak Kret
 Togo Lomé Sokodé
 Tokelau (New Zealand) None Fakaofo Atafu
 Tonga Nukuʻalofa Neiafu
 Transnistria (Moldova) Tiraspol Tighina
 Trinidad and Tobago Port of Spain Chaguanas San Fernando
 Tunisia Tunis Sfax
 Turkey Ankara Istanbul Ankara
 Turkmenistan Ashgabat Türkmenabat
 Turks and Caicos Islands (UK) Cockburn Town Five Cays Honda Road
 Tuvalu Funafuti Asau
 Uganda Kampala Gulu
 Ukraine Kiev Kharkiv
Donetsk
 United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi Dubai Abu Dhabi
 United Kingdom London Birmingham


 United States of America Washington, D.C. New York City Los Angeles
 Uruguay Montevideo Ciudad de la Costa
Maldonado
 Uzbekistan Tashkent Namangan
 Vanuatu Port Vila Luganville
 Vatican City Vatican City
 Venezuela Caracas Maracaibo
 Vietnam Hanoi Ho Chi Minh City Hanoi
 Virgin Islands, British (UK) Road Town Spanish Town
 Virgin Islands, United States (US) Charlotte Amalie Anna's Retreat
 Wallis and Futuna (France) Mata-Utu Alele
 Western Sahara Laayoune Dakhla
 Yemen Sana'a Aden
 Zambia Lusaka Kitwe
 Zimbabwe Harare Bulawayo

Details on countries whose capital is not their largest city

Capital not largest city
Countries whose capital is not their largest city.

This is a list of sovereign states whose capital is not their largest city.

Country Capital Population Largest city Population Ratio Note
 Australia Canberra 390,706 Sydney 4,921,000 12.6 Although Canberra has been Australia's Capital City since circa 1913, the national parliament met in Melbourne, Victoria until 1927. Melbourne is Australia's 2nd most populous city (4,529,500)
 Belize Belmopan 16,400 Belize City 70,000 4.27 Belize City was the capital until 1970.
 Benin Porto-Novo 223,500 Cotonou 761,100 3.4 Cotonou is the de facto capital with seat of government. Both cities are part of the same metropolitan area
 Bolivia Sucre 259,388 Santa Cruz de la Sierra 1,453,549 7.1 La Paz is the de facto capital with seat of government, is the third largest city of Bolivia and is the center of the second metropolitan area.
 Brazil Brasília 2,557,158 São Paulo 11,150,249 4.55 Brasília is a planned city, inaugurated in 1960, and serving as the Brazilian capital since then. Rio de Janeiro, the former capital, was the capital of Brazil from 1763 until 1960 (and largest city in Brazil from 1654 to 1954). São Paulo has never been the capital, but became the most populous city in Brazil in 1954, a position it has held since then. As of the 2010 Brazilian census, Brasília is the fifth most populous city in Brazil, and the seventh largest metropolitan area.
 Cameroon Yaoundé 1,430,000 Douala 2,000,000 + 1.4 Yaoundé is the second largest city of Cameroon.
 Canada Ottawa 812,129 Toronto 2,503,281 3.08 Toronto was the capital of the united Province of Canada from 1849 to 1852 and 1856–1858.
 China Beijing 22,000,000 Shanghai 34,000,000 1.55 Beijing is the second largest city of China by a relatively small margin. Shanghai is the largest city proper in China and the world.
 Côte d'Ivoire Yamoussoukro 200,659 Abidjan 4,348,000 21.7 Abidjan was the capital until 1983.
 Ecuador Quito 1,397,698 Guayaquil 2,600,000 1.86 Quito is the second largest city of Ecuador.
 Equatorial Guinea Malabo 187,302 Bata 250,770 1.34 The capital Malabo is the second largest city of Equatorial Guinea and has the specificity of being located on an island even though the country possesses mainland. It is about to be replaced by the planned city of Oyala, currently under construction.
 India New Delhi 249,998 Mumbai 12,442,373 49.77 New Delhi is part of the Delhi metropolitan area which has 21,753,486 inhabitants (the Mumbai metropolitan region has 20,748,395).
 Kazakhstan Astana 743,014 Almaty 1,450,095 1.95 Almaty was the capital from 1927 to 1997.
 Liechtenstein Vaduz 5,109 Schaan 5,806 1.14 Both cities are part of the same metropolitan area
 Malta Valletta 6,000 Birkirkara 21,000 3.5 Both cities are part of the same metropolitan area
 Federated States of Micronesia Palikir 5,000 Weno 13,000 1.4 Palikir is the second largest city of Micronesia. 
 Morocco Rabat 627,000 Casablanca 4,150,000 6.62 Rabat is the second largest city of Morocco.
 Myanmar Naypyidaw 925,000 Yangon 4,346,000 4.7 Yangon was the capital until 2006. Naypyidaw is de facto mainly rural county rather than contiguous urban area
 New Zealand Wellington 405,000 Auckland 1,495,000 3.69 Auckland was the capital 1841–1865, and Russell in 1840–41.
 Nigeria Abuja 778,567 Lagos 7,937,932 10.2 Lagos was the capital until 1991.
 Pakistan Islamabad 1,740,000 Karachi 24,300,000 13.97 Karachi was the capital from 1947 to 1958. Islamabad is part of much larger Rawalpindi-Islamabad metropolitan area
 Palau Ngerulmud 271 Koror 11,200 41.32 Koror was the capital until 2006.
 Philippines Manila 1,780,148 Quezon City 2,936,116 1.67 Quezon City was the capital from 1948 until 1976. Both cities are in the Metropolitan Manila region with Quezon City bordering Manila on the northeast.
 San Marino San Marino 4,211 Serravalle 10,601 2.52  
 South Africa Pretoria 2,345,908 Johannesburg 3,888,180 1.66 Cape Town (pop. 3.5 mln) and Bloemfontein (pop. 370,000) serve as legislative and judicial capitals, respectively.
 Sudan Khartoum 2,207,794 Omdurman 2,395,159 1.08 Wikipedia articles on Khartoum and Omdurman contradict this. Both cities are part of the same metropolitan area
 Sri Lanka Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte 115,826 Colombo 642,163 5.54 Colombo was the capital until 1982.
 Switzerland Bern 138,041 Zürich 397,698 2.88 Switzerland in its nature as a country with in every dimension decentralized political power actually doesn't have a capital (just as it doesn't have a head of state or prime minister). Bern has been designated as "federal city" with the seat of the two parliament chambers in 1848, when for the first time the independent Swiss states established standing federal authorities. Today, important federal authorities are also located in Lausanne (most notably: the Federal Supreme Court), Zürich, Lucerne, Bellinzona and St. Gallen. Until 1798, the council of the Swiss states met in various places - most frequently in Lucerne, Zürich, Baden and Frauenfeld. Between 1798 and 1803 there were three subsequent cities of government: Aarau, Luzern and Bern. Between 1815 and 1848 the meeting place of the council changed every two years between Zürich, Bern and Lucerne.
 Taiwan Taipei 2,650,968 New Taipei 3,916,451 1.48 Both cities are in Taipei–Keelung metropolitan area with Taipei surrounded entirely by New Taipei, which was Taipei's suburbs before its comprehensive development.
 Tanzania Dodoma 324,347 Dar es Salaam 2,497,940 7.70 Dar es Salaam was the capital until 1974.
 Trinidad and Tobago Port of Spain 49,000 Chaguanas 67,400 1.37 Both cities are part of the same metropolitan area
 Turkey Ankara 5,150,072 Istanbul 14,377,018 3.4 Istanbul was the capital of the Ottoman Empire from 1453 to 1922.
 United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi 896,751 Dubai 2,262,000 2.52 Abu Dhabi is the second largest city of United Arab Emirates.
 United States Washington, D.C. 672,228 New York City 8,550,405 12.72 New York was the capital 1785–1790 and the largest city in 1790 (narrowly edging out the next capital, Philadelphia, which served as capital from 1790 to 1800). Philadelphia was the nation's second-largest city when it was the capital.
 Vietnam Hanoi 6,500,000 Ho Chi Minh City 7,123,340 1.1 Ho Chi Minh City, formerly Saigon, was the capital of South Vietnam prior to reunification.

List of countries by national capital, largest and second-largest cities Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.