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List of sovereign states in 2018 facts for kids

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Top - 0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Members or observers of the United Nations

A

B

C

D

E

  •  East Timor – Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste
  •  Ecuador – Republic of Ecuador
  •  Egypt – Arab Republic of Egypt
  •  El Salvador – Republic of El Salvador
  •  Equatorial Guinea – Republic of Equatorial Guinea
  •  Eritrea – State of Eritrea
  •  Estonia – Republic of Estonia
  • For Eswatini, see Swaziland.
  •  Ethiopia – Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

F

  •  Fiji – Republic of Fiji
  •  Finland – Republic of Finland
  •  France – French Republic

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

  •  Oman – Sultanate of Oman

P

Q

  •  Qatar – State of Qatar

R

S

T

U

V

Y

  •  Yemen – Republic of Yemen

Z

Members or observers of the United Nations

Other entities

Excluded from the list above are the following noteworthy entities which either were not fully sovereign or did not claim to be independent:

  •  Antarctica as a whole had no government and no permanent population. Seven states claims portions of Antarctica and five of these had reciprocally recognised one another's claims. These claims, which were regulated by the Antarctic Treaty System, were neither recognised nor disputed by any other signatory state.
  • The European Union is a sui generis supranational organisation which had 27 (then 28) member states. The member states had transferred a measure of their legislative, executive, and judicial powers to the institutions of the EU, and as such the EU had some elements of sovereignty, without generally being considered a sovereign state. The European Union did not claim to be a sovereign state and had only limited capacity for relations with other states.
  • The Sovereign Military Order of Malta is a United Nations observer. The order had bi-lateral diplomatic relations with a large number of states, but has no territory other than extraterritorial areas within Rome and Malta. The order's Constitution stated: "The Order is a subject of international law and exercises sovereign functions." Although the order frequently asserted its sovereignty, it did not claim to be a sovereign state. It lacked a defined territory. Since all its members were citizens of other states, almost all of them lived in their native countries, and those who resided in the order's extraterritorial properties in Rome did so only in connection with their official duties, the order lacked the characteristic of having a permanent population.
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List of sovereign states in 2018 Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.