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List of species native to Thailand facts for kids

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The wildlife of Thailand includes its flora and fauna and their natural habitats.

Fauna

Mammals

Cuon.alpinus-cut
A dhole, an Asiatic wild dog
Catopuma temminckii Safari Park Cisarua
An Asiatic golden cat

There are 264 mammal species in Thailand on the IUCN Red List. Of these species, three are critically endangered, 24 are vulnerable, and two are near-threatened. One of the species listed for Thailand is considered to be extinct.

*Agile gibbon

Fish

Fish of Thailand

*Asian arowana
  • Blackline rasbora
  • Channa lucius
  • Channa striata
  • Climbing gourami
  • Croaking gourami
  • Devario laoensis
  • Dwarf gourami
  • Fire bar danio
  • Giant barb
  • Giant freshwater stingray
  • Giant gourami
  • Harlequin rasbora
  • Himantura kittipong
  • Kissing gourami
  • Pearl gourami
  • Penang betta
  • Fiveband barb
  • Puntius partipentazona
  • Six-banded tiger barb
  • Pygmy gourami
  • Red-tailed black shark
  • Siamese algae eater
  • Siamese fighting fish
  • Spotted barb
  • Three spot gourami
  • Walking catfish

Amphibians

Reptiles

*Ahaetulla nasuta
  • Amphiesma stolatum
  • Acrochordus granulatus
  • Batagur baska
  • Bengal monitor
  • Blood python
  • Boiga cyanea
  • Boiga dendrophila
  • Boiga drapiezii
  • Boiga jaspidea
  • Boiga multomaculata
  • Boiga nigriceps
  • Brahminy blind snake
  • Bufo asper
  • Burmese python
  • Calotes emma
  • Cantoria violacea
  • Cerberus rynchops
  • Chinese water dragon
  • Chrysopelea ornata
  • Cnemaspis kandiana
  • Cuora amboinensis
  • Dendrelaphis caudolineatus
  • Dixonius siamensis
  • Draco blanfordii
  • Draco maculatus
  • Duttaphrynus melanostictus
  • Elaphe porphyracea
  • Enhydris enhydris
  • False gharial
  • Fejervarya limnocharis
  • Fordonia leucobalia
  • Gekko smithii
  • Gerarda prevostiana
  • Giant Asian pond turtle
  • Gonyosoma oxycephalum
  • Green sea turtle
  • Hawksbill turtle
  • Hemidactylus brookii
  • Hemidactylus garnotii
  • Homalopsis buccata
  • House gecko
  • Hydrophis klossi
  • Hydrophis spiralis
  • Indian python
  • Indotestudo elongata
  • King cobra
  • Leatherback sea turtle
  • Leptobrachium smithi
  • Lycodon aulicus
  • Lycodon fasciatus
  • Manouria emys
  • Microhyla berdmorei
  • Microhyla ornata
  • Microhyla pulchra
  • Naja kaouthia
  • Oligodon cinereus
  • Oligodon cyclurus
  • Oligodon dorsalis
  • Pelochelys cantorii
  • Psammophis condanarus (sand snake)
  • Ptychozoon kuhli
  • Ptychozoon lionotum
  • Pyxidea mouhotii
  • Reticulated python
  • Saltwater crocodile
  • Scaphiophryne gottlebei
  • Siamese crocodile (Critically endangered and on the IUCN Red List)
  • Spiny turtle
  • Takydromus sexlineatus
  • Tokay gecko
  • Trimeresurus gramineus
  • Trimeresurus popeiorum
  • Trimeresurus purpureomaculatus
  • Trimeresurus stejnegeri
  • Tropidolaemus wagleri
  • Varanus salvator
  • White-banded wolf snake

Birds

Oriental White Eye I- Himachal- IMG 3993
The Oriental white-eye is a very common resident of Thailand.

The birds of Thailand number nearly one thousand species, of which approximately 45 are rare or accidental. At least seven bird species previously found in Thailand have since been made locally extinct, and approximately fifty of Thailand's bird species are globally threatened.

In 1991, it was estimated that 159 resident and 23 migratory species were endangered or vulnerable due to forest clearance, illegal logging, hunting and habitat degradation, especially in the lowlands. The species most affected are large water birds whose wetland habitat has been largely lost to agriculture, and forest species, as deforestation for agriculture and logging have removed and degraded portions of the woodlands.

Insects

Butterflies

There are about 1,100 known butterfly species from Thailand.

  • Bhutanitis lidderdalii
  • Parantica aglea
  • Parantica melaneus
  • Papilio clytia
  • Papilio paradoxus
  • Tirumala limniace
  • Tirumala septentrionis

Molluscs

There are at least 23 known families, 57 genera and 125 species of land gastropods from Eastern Thailand.

There are at least 8 known species of freshwater gastropods and at least 2 species of freshwater bivalves from the Sakaeo Province in the Eastern Thailand.

Flora

  • Flora of Thailand
  • Garden angelica
  • Luculia gratissima
  • Meconopsis villosa
  • Persicaria affinis
  • Ruellia capitata
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List of species native to Thailand Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.