kids encyclopedia robot

Liu Hong (racewalker) facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Liu Hong
Personal information
Nationality Chinese
Born 12 May 1987 (1987-05-12) (age 34)
Anfu County, China
Height 1.60 m
Weight 50 kg
Country China
Sport Athletics
Event(s) 20km race walk

Liu Hong (simplified Chinese: 刘虹; traditional Chinese: 劉虹; pinyin: líu hóng; born 12 May 1987) is a Chinese female race walker. She is the world record holder over the Olympic 20 km distance with a time of 1:24:38 hours, set in 2015.

Liu has won multiple medals in the World Championships in Athletics, including three gold medals in 2011, 2015, and 2019 and two silver medals in 2009 and 2013. She placed fourth at the Summer Olympics in both 2008 and 2012. Liu is the 2016 Olympic 20 km racewalking gold medalist. Liu is a two-time gold medalist at the Asian Games, winning in 2006 and 2010. She was the runner-up at the IAAF World Race Walking Cup in 2014. In her early career, she was the World Junior Champion in 2006.


She first came to prominence by winning the World Junior and Asian Games titles in 2006. After a poor global debut at the 2007 World Championships in Athletics (19th), she rebounded with a fourth-place finish at the 2008 Beijing Olympics. However, since Russia's Olga Kaniskina was disqualified in March 2016 for doping, Liu is expected to be awarded the bronze medal. She secured her first major medal at the 2009 World Championships in Athletics, taking the bronze medal. Later that year she took the national title at the 11th Chinese National Games.

Liu retained her title at the 2010 Asian Games and broke the Games record with a time of 1:30:06 hours. She opened her 2011 season with a win on the 2011 racewalking circuit at the Memorial Mario Albisetti. She followed this with a win in Taicang, equalling her personal best in the process. A third circuit win came in Dublin that year. She won the gold medal at the 2011 World Championships in Athletics. Liu broke the Asian record for the 20 km walk in Taicang in 2012, defeating Wang Yan's decade-old record with a time of 1:25:46 hours.

She placing third behind Qieyang Shenjie who also broke her Asian record, at the 2012 London Olympics. Liu won at the 2012 IAAF World Race Walking Challenge Final, however, and defeated Qieyang en route to breaking Jin Bingjie's 22-year-old Asian record for the 5000 m walk at the Chinese University Games. She set an event record in her first race of 2013, winning the Memorial Albisetti in a time of 1:27:06 hours.

She broke the world record for the 20 km walk at the Gran Premio Cantones de La Coruña. Taking advantage of warm conditions, she completed the distance in 1:24:38 hours, walking the second 10 km faster than the first, to improve the world record by 24 seconds. This was the fastest time ever, also beating Olimpiada Ivanova and Olga Kaniskina's times that were not ratified as records due to a lack of international judges.

After testing positive for higenamine in May 2016, she was banned from 13 June to 13 July 2016.

She won the gold medal with 1:28:35 in women's 20 km walk at Rio Olympic Games on 19 August 2016.

After a year off competition to have a baby, in 2019 she became the first woman ever to finish the 50 kilometer walk in less than four hours, finishing in 3 hours, 59 minutes and 15 seconds at the Chinese Race Walk Grand Prix.

Later that year, she won her third gold medal in the 20 km walk at the 2019 World Championships in Athletics in Doha, Qatar.

International competitions

Year Competition Venue Position Event Notes
Representing  China
2006 World Junior Championships Beijing, China 1st 10,000 m 45:12.84
World Race Walking Cup A Coruña, Spain 6th 20 km 1:28:59
Asian Games Doha, Qatar 1st 20 km 1:32.19
2007 World Championships Osaka, Japan 19th 20 km 1:36:40
2008 Olympic Games Beijing, China 4th 20 km 1:27:17
2009 World Championships Berlin, Germany 3rd 20 km 1:29:10
2010 World Race Walking Cup Chihuahua, Mexico 13th 20 km 1:36:34
Asian Games Guangzhou, China 1st 20 km 1:30:06
2011 World Championships Daegu, South Korea 1st 20 km 1:30:00
2012 Olympic Games London, United Kingdom 3rd 20 km 1:26:00
2013 World Championships Moscow, Russia 3rd 20 km 1:28:10
2014 World Race Walking Cup Taicang, China 2nd 20 km 1:26:58
2015 World Championships Beijing, China 1st 20 km 1:27:45
2016 Olympic Games Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 1st 20 km 1:28:35
2019 World Championships Doha, Qatar 1st 20 km 1:32:53
kids search engine
Liu Hong (racewalker) Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.