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Mōri Motonari
Mohri Motonari.jpg
Mori Motonari
Native name
毛利 元就
Birth name Shōjumaru (松寿丸)
Nickname(s) "Beggar Prince" (乞食若殿)
Born April 16, 1497
Suzuo Castle, Aki
Died July 6, 1571 (aged 74)
Yoshida-Kōriyama Castle, Aki
Allegiance Imperial Seal of Japan.svg Imperial House of Japan
Kamon yotumeyui.png Amago clan (1522–1525)
Japanese Crest Oouchi Hisi.svg Ōuchi clan (1525–1554)
Years of service Alex K Hiroshima Mori (color).svg Mōri clan (1523–1571)
"Retired": (1546, 1557)
Rank Daimyō (Lord)
Ju go-i-no-ge (従五位下)
Ju shi-i-no-jō (従四位上)
Jibu-shō (治部少輔)
Mutsu-no-kami (陸奥守)
Ju san-mi (従三位)
Shō ichi-i (正一位)
Unit Alex K Hiroshima Mori (color).svg Mōri clan
Commands held Yoshida-Kōriyama Castle
Battles/wars
  • Battle of Arita-Nakaide (1517)
  • Siege of Kagamiyama (1523)
  • Siege of Koriyama (1540-1541)
  • 1st Siege of Toda Castle (1542-1543)
  • Battle of Oshikibata (1554)
  • Battle of Miyajima (1555)
  • 2nd Siege of Toda Castle (1562-1563)
  • Siege of Tachibana (1569)
  • Battle of Tatarahama (1569)
Relations Father:
Mōri Hiromoto
Mother:
Fukubara Hirotoshi's daughter

Mōri Motonari (毛利 元就 , April 16, 1497 – July 6, 1571) was a prominent daimyō (feudal lord) in the western Chūgoku region of Japan during the Sengoku period of the 16th century. The Mōri clan claimed descent from Ōe no Hiromoto (大江広元), an adviser to Minamoto no Yoritomo. Motonari was called the "Beggar Prince". He was known as a great strategist who began as a small local warlord (jizamurai) of Aki Province and extended his clan's power to nearly all of the Chūgoku region through war, marriage, adoption and assassination.

Sandwiched between the powerful Amago and Ōuchi clans, Motonari led his clan by carefully balancing actions and diplomacy. Eventually, Motonari succeeded in defeating both and controlled the entire Chūgoku region. In his later years, he crushed the Ōtomo clan of Bungo Province in Kyūshū. Motonari ruled from Yoshida-Kōriyama Castle, the clan's main bastion since the early 14th century. His descendants became lords of the Chōshū Domain.

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