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Madison metropolitan area, Wisconsin facts for kids

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The Madison, Wisconsin, metropolitan area, also known as Greater Madison, is the metropolitan area surrounding the city of Madison, Wisconsin. Madison is the state capital of Wisconsin and is Wisconsin's second largest city (after Milwaukee), and the metropolitan area is also the state's second largest (after the Milwaukee metropolitan area).

The Madison, WI Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), as defined by the United States Office of Management and Budget, is the area consisting of Columbia, Dane, Green, and Iowa counties in Wisconsin, anchored by the city of Madison. As of the 2020 census, the MSA had a population of 680,796. The latest Census estimate as of July 1, 2019 puts the population at 664,865, making it the 89th largest in the United States.

The Madison–Janesville–Beloit Combined Statistical Area (CSA) consists of the four counties in the Madison MSA as well as Rock County (Janesville–Beloit metropolitan area) and Sauk County (Baraboo micropolitan area). The CSA population as of the 2020 census was 910,246. The CSA's 2019 population estimate was 892,661, making it the 63rd largest in the United States.

Madison-Janesville-Beloit CSA
Location of the Madison–Janesville–Beloit CSA and its components:      Madison MSA      Janesville–Beloit MSA      Baraboo CSA


The Madison–Janesville–Beloit Combined Statistical Area (CSA) is made up of six counties. The statistical area includes two metropolitan areas and one micropolitan area.

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 7,028
1850 69,416 887.7%
1860 162,791 134.5%
1870 192,943 18.5%
1880 194,207 0.7%
1890 206,572 6.4%
1900 230,598 11.6%
1910 241,109 4.6%
1920 261,670 8.5%
1930 291,385 11.4%
1940 320,791 10.1%
1950 378,060 17.9%
1960 454,377 20.2%
1970 547,469 20.5%
1980 599,470 9.5%
1990 649,147 8.3%
2000 742,953 14.5%
2010 827,742 11.4%
Est. 2019 892,661 7.8%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2014

The CSA totals are the totals of all the counties listed above, regardless of whether they were included in the Combined Statistical Area at the time.


The following are the incorporated communities of the Madison–Janesville–Beloit Combined Statistical Area. Populations listed are 2019 estimates.

Communities marked with an asterisk (*) are part of the Janesville–Beloit metropolitan statistical area (Rock County). Communities marked with a cross (†) are part of the Baraboo micropolitan statistical area (Sauk County). The remainder are part of the Madison metropolitan statistical area.

Cities with more than 50,000 inhabitants

Cities with 10,000 to 50,000 inhabitants

Cities with less than 10,000 inhabitants

Villages with more than 10,000 inhabitants

Villages with less than 10,000 inhabitants

Census-designated places


Columbia County

Dane County

Green County

Iowa County

Rock County

Sauk County


As of the census of 2000, there were 501,774 people, 202,687 households, and 121,171 families residing within the MSA. The racial makeup of the MSA was 90.26% White, 3.50% African American, 0.32% Native American, 2.99% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.27% from other races, and 1.63% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.05% of the population.

The median income for a household in the MSA was $45,602, and the median income for a family was $55,159. Males had a median income of $35,250 versus $26,322 for females. The per capita income for the MSA was $21,832.

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