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Maumoon Abdul Gayoom
އަލްއުސްތާޛް މައުމޫން އަބްދުލް ޤައްޔޫމް

3rd President of the Maldives
In office
11 November 1978 – 11 November 2008
Preceded by Ibrahim Nasir
Succeeded by Mohamed Nasheed
Personal details
Born 29 December 1937 (1937-12-29) (age 83)
Malé, Maldives
Political party Maldives Reform Movement (2019–)
Other political
Progressive Party of Maldives (2011–2017)
Dhivehi Rayyithunge Party (2005–2011)
Independent (Until 2005)
Spouse(s) Nasreena Ibrahim (married 1969)
Children Dunya Maumoon
Yumna Maumoon
Faris Maumoon
Ghassan Maumoon

Maumoon Abdul Gayoom (Dhivehi: އަލްއުސްތާޛް މައުމޫން އަބްދުލް ޤައްޔޫމް ; born December 29, 1937) is a Maldivian politician and an Islamic scholar who ruled the country as the President of Maldives from 1978 to 2008. After serving as Minister of Transport, he was nominated as President by the Majlis (Parliament) of the Maldives and succeeded Ibrahim Nasir in 1978. He was defeated in the October 2008 presidential election. In opposition, he continued to serve as leader of the Dhivehi Rayyithunge Party until January 2010, when he retired from active politics.

However, in September 2011, he returned to Maldivian politics as the leader of the newly formed Progressive Party of Maldives (PPM), whose candidate Abdulla Yameen Abdul Gayoom, Maumoon's half-brother, was victorious in the 2013 presidential elections. In July 2016, due to disagreements between president Yameen and Maumoon, the party split into two factions. Later in October 27, Maumoon withdrew his support for president Yameen and joined the Maldives United Opposition.

Gayoom was arrested on 5 February 2018, for allegedly conspiring to overthrow the government along his son-in-law Mohamed Nadheem. Maumoon's son, Faris Maumoon, was arrested and released, then arrested again a day after his release. Maldivian Democracy Network reported Maumoon and Farish were being tortured by not being allowed medical treatment.

Gayoom was freed on bail on 30 September 2018.

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