McDermitt, Nevada–Oregon facts for kids

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McDermitt, Nevada–Oregon
Unincorporated community
Central McDermitt
Central McDermitt
Location of McDermitt in Nevada
Location of McDermitt in Nevada
Country United States
State Nevada and Oregon
County Humboldt County, Nevada, and Malheur County, Oregon
Named for Lt. Col. Charles McDermit, 2nd Cavalry, California Volunteers
Elevation 4,432 ft (1,351 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 513
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 89421 (NV) and 89425 (OR)
Area code(s) Area code 775 (NV), 458 and 541 (OR)
Coordinates and elevation from United States Geological Survey

McDermitt is an unincorporated community straddling the NevadaOregon border, in Humboldt County, Nevada, and Malheur County, Oregon, in the United States. McDermitt's economy has historically been based on mining, ranching, and farming. The last mining operation closed in 1990, resulting in a steady decline in population.

As of the 2010 census, the combined population was 513. Seventy-five percent of the residents were American Indian, predominantly Northern Paiute of the Fort McDermitt Indian Reservation, whose members include Shoshone people.

History

The community, originally called Dugout, was named after Fort McDermit. It was named after Lt. Col. Charles McDermit, commander of the Military District of Nevada, who was killed in a skirmish in the area in 1865. It is not known why there is a discrepancy in the spelling. Fort McDermit, which was five miles (8 km) outside the current township, was originally established to protect the stagecoach route from Virginia City through Winnemucca to Silver City, Idaho Territory. The stage road was the military's most important transportation route in southeast Oregon. The township of Dugout was established as support for Fort McDermit.

Geography and climate

The community is on U.S. Highway 95, 73 miles (117 km) north of Winnemucca. The elevation of McDermitt is 4,432 feet (1,351 m) above sea level.

McDermitt is in the Oregon High Desert with a semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSk), averaging 9.2 inches (236 mm) of rain annually with hot, dry summers and cold winters. Most precipitation (47%) occurs from March through June. About 23% occurs from September through November, and 25% from December through February, much as snow.

Climate data for McDermitt
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 66
(18.9)
70
(21.1)
79
(26.1)
87
(30.6)
98
(36.7)
105
(40.6)
111
(43.9)
105
(40.6)
100
(37.8)
92
(33.3)
75
(23.9)
65
(18.3)
111
(43.9)
Average high °F (°C) 41.1
(5.06)
46.7
(8.17)
53.4
(11.89)
61.1
(16.17)
70.6
(21.44)
80.8
(27.11)
91.3
(32.94)
89.3
(31.83)
80
(26.7)
67.3
(19.61)
50.7
(10.39)
41.8
(5.44)
64.5
(18.06)
Average low °F (°C) 19.2
(-7.11)
22.7
(-5.17)
25.7
(-3.5)
29.6
(-1.33)
36.7
(2.61)
43.5
(6.39)
49.2
(9.56)
47.5
(8.61)
40
(4.4)
31.9
(-0.06)
25.1
(-3.83)
19.3
(-7.06)
32.5
(0.28)
Record low °F (°C) -29
(-33.9)
-24
(-31.1)
-3
(-19.4)
8
(-13.3)
15
(-9.4)
22
(-5.6)
28
(-2.2)
20
(-6.7)
10
(-12.2)
-2
(-18.9)
-8
(-22.2)
-29
(-33.9)
-29
(-33.9)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.74
(18.8)
0.58
(14.7)
0.87
(22.1)
0.99
(25.1)
1.38
(35.1)
1.02
(25.9)
0.35
(8.9)
0.41
(10.4)
0.48
(12.2)
0.7
(18)
0.83
(21.1)
0.8
(20)
9.15
(232.4)
Snowfall inches (cm) 3.3
(8.4)
1.9
(4.8)
2.4
(6.1)
0.9
(2.3)
0.3
(0.8)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.1
(0.3)
1
(3)
2.7
(6.9)
12.6
(32)
Avg. precipitation days 6 5 6 7 8 6 2 3 3 4 7 6 63

The McDermitt area boasts the longest climatic record in Nevada, with data beginning in 1866. The earliest Nevada climate stations were at Army posts. The U.S. Army Signal Corps was responsible for weather duty in the late 19th century and established the National Weather Service in 1870.

Demographics

Kleinite-Calcite-285098
Kleinite (a rare mercury mineral) on calcite, from the Cordero Mine, McDermitt. Size: 4.9 x 3.1 x 2.6 cm.

For statistical purposes, the census bureau has allocated McDermitt two census-designated places (CDPs), McDermitt, Nevada and Fort McDermitt, Nevada. The Oregon portion of McDermitt is not part of the McDermitt CDP, but is included in the Ontario, OR–ID Micropolitan Statistical Area. Essentially the Fort McDermitt CDP entails the Fort McDermitt Indian Reservation and the McDermitt CDP entails the adjoining McDermitt township.

Fort McDermitt CDP

As of the US census of 2010, there were 341 people, of which 30% were under the age of 18 years and 11% (39 people) over the age of 65 years. 92% (313 people) were American Indian, with 3.5% (12 people) described as being of two or more races, and 0.6% (two people) were White. There were 125 housing units with 86% (108) described as occupied. There were 108 males for every 100 females.

McDermitt CDP

As of the US census of 2010, there were 172 people, of which 18% were under the age of 18 years and 22% (38 people) over the age of 65 years. 24% (42 people) were American Indian, with 0% described as being of two or more races, and 68% (117 people) were White. There were 101 housing units with 77% (78) described as occupied. There were 110 males for every 100 females.

Points of interest

The state line goes through the White Horse Inn, a historical landmark now being restored, which was a saloon and hotel. When it was open, food could be ordered and paid for in Oregon, avoiding the Nevada state sales tax.

Transportation

  • McDermitt State Airport

Images for kids


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