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Michael Andrew (swimmer) facts for kids

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Michael Andrew
Michael Andrew After 50m Victory at 2018 Pan Pacific Championships.jpg
Andrew in 2018
Personal information
Born April 18, 1999 (1999-04-18) (age 22)
Edina, Minnesota, U.S.
Height 6 ft 6 in (1.98 m)
Weight 205 lb (93 kg)
Sport
Sport Swimming
Strokes Backstroke, breaststroke, butterfly, freestyle, individual medley
Coach Peter Andrew

Michael Andrew (born April 18, 1999) is an American competitive swimmer and the 2016 world champion in the 100 meter individual medley. At the 2020 Summer Olympics, he won a gold medal and set a world record as part of the 4x100 meter medley relay, placed fourth in the 100 meter breaststroke, fourth in the 50 meter freestyle, and fifth in the 200 meter individual medley. He was the first swimmer to represent the United States at an Olympic Games in an individual breaststroke event as well as another individual event other than an individual medley.

Andrew used to be coached by his father in a two-lane pool in their backyard. As of January 2021, he is coached by his father and trains in a non-traditional way, using a method called Ultra Short Race Pace Training (USRPT).

Early life

Andrew's parents, Peter and Tina, are South African natives who moved to America in 1997. His family lived in Aberdeen, South Dakota from 1997 to 2011, where Andrew started swimming at age 7 and competed for the Aberdeen Swim Club. The family moved to Lawrence, Kansas in 2011. Andrew has a younger sister who also used to swim. His mother Tina appeared in the British and South African versions of Gladiators, as Laser and Sheena respectively.

Andrew was home-schooled as part of an online program through Liberty University for part of his teenage years after he turned pro in swimming. When the University opened a pool in 2018, Andrew participated in the first event held at the pool, the 2018 TYR Junior National Cup, to be part of its grand opening.

Career

2015 World Junior Championships

He won the gold medal in the 50 meter backstroke at the 2015 FINA World Junior Swimming Championships in Singapore, breaking the Championships record in both the heats and the final. He also won the silver medal in the 50 meter freestyle and 50 meter butterfly events and reached the finals in four other individual events. FINA named him male swimmer of the meet.

Andrew has broken more than 100 National Age Group records (long course meters and short course yards combined), more than any other American swimmer. He turned professional in 2013 at the age of 14, becoming the youngest American swimmer to do so.

2016

2016 USA Swimming Olympic Trials

Andrew competed in his first Olympic Trials at the 2016 USA Swimming Olympic Trials in Omaha, Nebraska when he was 17 years old. He swam in five individual events: 50 meter freestyle, 100 meter freestyle, 100 meter breaststroke, 100 meter butterfly, and 200 meter individual medley. While he did not make the USA Olympic Team for the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Andrew was closest to making the team in the 100 meter breaststroke where he finished in fourth place.

2016 World Championships

2016 World Championships
Gold 100 m individual medley 51.84
Silver 4x50 m freestyle relay 1:24.47
Silver 4x50 m medley relay 1:31.97

At the 2016 FINA Short Course World Championships in Windsor, Canada, Andrew won the gold medal in the 100 meter individual medley in a time of 51.84. He also finished 9th in the 50 meter breaststroke, missing the final by a tenth of a second. He also contributed to the heats in both the 4x50 metre freestyle relay and the 4x50 medley relay, winning silver medals in both. He swam splits of 21.51 and 26.62, respectively.

2017

2017 World Junior Championships

At the 2017 FINA World Junior Swimming Championships in Indianapolis in August 2017, Andrew won three gold medals and two bronze medals.

In the prelims of the 50 meter freestyle, Andrew broke the world junior record of 22.00, set in the event by Yu Hexin in 2014, with his time of 21.75. In the final of the 50 meter freestyle, Andrew swam a 21.75 again, tied his world junior record, and won the gold medal in the event. For the 50 meter backstroke, Andrew broke the world junior record set by Kliment Kolesnikov at 24.94 in 2016 with a time of 24.63 in the prelims. Andrew tied his world junior record of 24.63 in the final of the 50 meter backstroke and won the gold medal.

In the 50 meter butterfly semifinals, Andrew swam a 23.27 and broke the world junior record of 23.39 set by Li Zhuhao in 2015. In the final, Andrew lowered the world junior record he set in the semifinal to a 23.22 and won the gold medal. In the final of the 50 meter breaststroke he swam a 27.39 and won the bronze medal, and in the 100 meter breaststroke final he won the bronze medal with a time of 1:00.37.

2018

2018 National Championships

Andrew qualified for his first senior long course team at the 2018 Phillips 66 National Championships, winning the 100 meter breaststroke in 59.38 as well as multiple other events, most notably beating Caeleb Dressel in the 50 freestyle.

2018 Pan Pacific Championships

At the 2018 Pan Pacific Championships, Andrew won gold in the 50 m freestyle with a time of 21.46.

Inaugural International Swimming League

In the Autumn of 2019 he was member of the inaugural season of the International Swimming League swimming for the New York Breakers, who competed in the Americas Division. At the American Final, in College Park, Maryland, Andrew won the 50 backstroke, tying with LA Current Swimmer Matt Grevers. 2020 Andrew was the vice-captain for the NY Breakers in the International Swimming League.[1]

2021

At the 2021 TYR Pro Swim Series meet in Indianapolis, Andrew swam and won three individual events. On Thursday May 13, 2021 Andrew competed in the 100 meter breaststroke, swimming a personal best in the finals with a time of 58.67 and setting a new U.S. Open record and a new Pro Swim Series record for the event. His swim was the second fastest time in the 100 meter breaststroke long course event in the history of the USA. The next day, Friday May 14, 2021, Andrew set another Pro Swim Series record this time in the 100 meter butterfly with a time of 50.80. Saturday May 15, 2021 he won the 200 individual medley swimming a 1:56.84.

Heading into the 2020 USA Swimming Olympic Trials, Andrew qualified to compete in seven individual events including the 50 meter freestyle, 100 meter freestyle, 100 meter backstroke, 100 meter breaststroke, 200 meter breaststroke, 100 meter butterfly, and 200 meter individual medley.

As part of press coverage leading up to the 2020 Olympic Trials (held in June 2021 due to the COVID-19 pandemic), SwimSwam named Andrew as their top pick in the men's 100 meter breaststroke. Attempting to predict the results, Sports Illustrated selected Andrew as finishing first in the 100 meter breaststroke, second in the 100 meter butterfly, and second in the 200 meter individual medley. Sports Illustrated also listed Andrew as one of two potential breakthrough performers to follow at the meet along with Regan Smith. Andrew also garnered attention from ABC Sport regarding his stance on FINA and potential bans on swimmers participating in the International Swimming League in relation to discussions of prize money for swimmers at the Olympic Games.

Andrew entered to swim six events at the Olympic Trials, the seven events he qualified to swim minus the 200 meter breaststroke. In the Omega Timing records book published on the 13th of June 2021 and containing a list of current American Records, Championship Records, US Open Records, and World Records, Andrew was the only male to have set one of these records (the US Open record in the 100 meter breaststroke) in 2021.

2020 USA Swimming Olympic Trials

On day one of the USA Olympic Trials, June 13th 2021, Andrew swam a 58.19 in the morning prelims for the 100 meter breaststroke, coming in as the fastest swimmer for the prelims heats and setting a new American Record, US Open Record, and Championship Record in the process. His swim also moved him up in rankings to the third fastest swimmer in the event all-time globally and all-time fastest American. In the semifinals for the 100 meter breaststroke the same day, Andrew swam a 58.14, ranking as #1 out of all semifinals swimmers for the event and breaking his own American Record, US Open Record, and Championship Record he set in the prelims. Both Andrew and second fastest swimmer in the semifinals, Nic Fink, dropped substantial time in the prelims and semifinals, advancing to the finals the next day. Andrew's setting the American record twice in one day was an NBC Olympics highlight from day one of the Olympic Trials. According to NBC Sports, Andrew's swims on day one of the Olympic Trials in the prelims and semifinals where he set an American record in each swim was a first for anyone to do so.

In the morning on day two of the Olympic Trials, Monday the 14th of June 2021, Andrew swam a 53.66 in the prelims of the 100 meter backstroke, ranking 7th out of all heats. Competing in his first final of the 2020 Olympic Trials in the evening of day two, Andrew swam a 58.73 in the 100 meter breaststroke, ranking #1 for the event. He qualified for the US Olympic Swimming Team in the 100 m breaststroke, this was his first time qualifying to compete at an Olympic Games. Two events later, Andrew swam a 53.82 in the 100 meter backstroke semifinals, ranking #8, and qualifying for the final. Andrew making his first US Olympic Team and the 2020 Summer Olympics with the 100 meter breaststroke was highlighted by local news, Aberdeen News and FOX4, swimming news, SwimSwam, and national news, NBC Sports.

Day three of competition, Andrew competed in the final of the 100 meter backstroke in the evening, swimming a 53.59 and ranking 8th.

In the prelims of the 200 meter individual medley June 17, 2021, Andrew swam a 1:56.25, ranking first, and advancing to the semifinals. He dropped more than half a second off his former best time in the 200 meter individual medley with his swim, rising to number five fastest American swimmer in the event to that point in time. Andrew lowered his personal best time in the 200 meter individual medley in the semifinals, swimming a 1:55.26, ranking first for the semifinals heats, and advancing to the final the next day. His swim moved him from number five to number three all-time fastest American swimmer in the event as well as making him the fastest swimmer globally for the 2021 year up to then. Andrew also made the top five fastest swimmers all-time globally in the 200 meter individual medley, coming in at number five with his time of 1:55.26. In the final, Andrew finished first with a time of 1:55.44 and qualified for the 2020 Summer Olympics in the event, making it his second event to swim at the Olympic Games.

On the seventh day of competition, Andrew competed in the prelims heats of the 50 meter freestyle, swimming a 21.72, ranking second, and advancing to the semifinals later that day. He ranked second for both semifinals with a time of 21.55 and qualified for the final on day eight, the last day, of competition. Andrew swam a 21.48 in the final, took second place, and qualified to swim the 50 meter freestyle at the 2020 Summer Olympics. This marked the first time a swimmer for the United States qualified to compete at the Olympic Games both in breaststroke and an event other than an individual medley.

2020 Summer Olympics

See also: Swimming at the 2020 Summer Olympics
2020 Summer Olympics
Gold 4x100 m medley relay 3:26.78 (WR)

Prior to the 2020 Summer Olympics, the US Olympic swim team trained together in Hawaii. Andrew filmed some of the typical activities the swimmers took part in during the training camp, edited them together into a vlog format, and shared the video publicly on his YouTube channel to provide viewers a perspective on what it is like to train as a swimmer on the US Olympic team in the time period between qualifying for and competing in an Olympic Games. Andrew was one of 45 entrants in the 200-meter individual medley, 50 entrants in the 100-meter breaststroke, and one of 72 entrants in the 50-meter freestyle at the Olympic Games in Tokyo, Japan.

On the first day of swimming competition, Saturday July 24, 2021, Andrew swam in his first race at an Olympic Games. He won the fifth heat in the prelims of the 100-meter breaststroke, ranked third overall with a time of 58.62, and advanced to the semifinals. In the semifinals on July 25, Andrew ranked fifth overall with a time of 58.99 and advanced to the final of the event. Andrew swam a 58.84 in the final and finished in fourth place ahead of his American teammate Andrew Wilson who tied for sixth place.

On day five, Andrew finished the 200-meter individual medley in the prelims heats with a time of 1:56.40, advancing to the semifinals ranked first overall. In his semifinal heat, Andrew finished second with a time of 1:57.08, which ranked him fourth for both semifinals heats and qualified him for the final of the event. In the final on day seven of competition, Andrew finished with a time of 1:57.31, and placed fifth overall in the 200-meter individual medley.

In the evening of day seven, Andrew ranked 11th in the prelims heats of the 50-meter freestyle and qualified for the semifinals with his time of 21.89. In the semifinals on day eight, Andrew swam a 21.67 and advanced to the final tied ranked for fifth.

On the final day of competition, Andrew took fourth place with a time of 21.60 in the 50 meter freestyle final. In the final of the 4x100 meter medley relay, Andrew swam the breaststroke leg of the relay and won the gold medal and set the world record and an Olympic record with his relay teammates Ryan Murphy, Caeleb Dressel, and Zach Apple in a time of 3:26.78. Andrew swam a 58.49 for the breaststroke leg of the relay.

Personal best times

Long course (50 m pool)

Long Course
Event Time Meet Date Note(s)
50 m freestyle 21.46 2018 Pan Pacific Championships August 12, 2018
100 m freestyle 49.46 2019 World Cup - Singapore July 25, 2018
50 m backstroke 24.39 2019 Sette Colli June 21, 2019
100 m backstroke 53.40 2019 Sette Colli June 22, 2019
50 m breaststroke 26.84 2018 Phillips 66 National Championships July 27, 2018 US, CR
100 m breaststroke 58.14 sf 2020 USA Swimming Olympic Trials June 13, 2021 AM, NR, US
200 m breaststroke 2:11.32 2021 TYR Pro Swim Series - Mission Viejo April 10, 2021
50 m butterfly 22.80 2019 World Aquatics Championships July 22, 2019
100 m butterfly 50.80 2021 TYR Pro Swim Series - Indianapolis May 14, 2021 PSS
200 m IM 1:55.26 sf 2020 USA Swimming Olympic Trials June 17, 2021
Legend: AM – Americas record; NR – American record; US – US Open record; CR – United States Swimming National Championships record; PSS – Pro Swim Series record;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial

Short course (25 m pool)

Event Time Venue Date Notes
50 m freestyle 20.94 FINA World Cup 2018 November 15, 2018
100 m freestyle 48.89 FINA World Cup 2016 August 26, 2016
50 m backstroke 23.11 FINA World Cup 2018 November 16, 2018
100 m backstroke 50.36 FINA World Cup 2018 October 6, 2018
50 m breaststroke 26.10 FINA World Cup 2018 November 16, 2018
50 m butterfly 22.32 FINA World Cup 2018 November 17, 2018
100 m IM 51.16 FINA World Cup 2018 November 15, 2018

Legend: h = heats; r = relay lead-off

Physique

Ultra Short Race Pace Training

Michael Andrew has adopted a unique training style called Ultra Short Race Pace Training.

In an interview with NBC Olympics Andrew spoke about his training:

We train as specific as possible. Our sessions are shorter but intentional every time, using USRPT (ultra-short race pace training). I use blood flow restriction to train and recover. We use power plates to train fast twitch fibers.

USRPT, short for Ultra-Short Race-Pace Training, is an evidence-based training program/stroke curriculum developed by Dr. Bent S. Rushall for the sport of swimming.

In the Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine, Nugent et al., 2019 reviewed the science behind the USRPT methodology finding most of the science to be anecdotal in nature, highlighting the training records of Andrew as one form of more concrete scientific evidence, and emphasizing the importance of statistical evidence in proving the effectiveness of the USRPT methodology.

Diet

Andrew follows a ketogenic diet as part of his training.

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