Oxycodone facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Oxycodone
Systematic (IUPAC) name
(5R,9R,13S,14S)-4,5α-epoxy-14-hydroxy-3-methoxy-17-methylmorphinan-6-one
Identifiers
CAS number 76-42-6
ATC code N02AA05
N02AA55 (in combinations)
PubChem 5284603
DrugBank DB00497
ChemSpider 4447649
Chemical data
Formula C18H21NO4 
Mol. mass 315.364 g/mol
SMILES eMolecules & PubChem
Synonyms dihydrohydroxycodeinone, 14-hydroxydihydrocodeinone, 6-deoxy-7,8-dihydro-14-hydroxy-3-O-methyl-6-oxomorphine
Physical data
Solubility in water HCl: 166 mg/mL (20 °C)
Pharmacokinetic data
Bioavailability 60-87%
Protein binding 45%
Metabolism Hepatic: primarily CYP3A and to a lesser extent, CYP2D6 to oxymorphone
Half life 2-4 hours.
Excretion Urine (83%)
Therapeutic considerations
Pregnancy cat.

C(AU) B; D (US; near term)

Legal status

Controlled (S8)(AU) Schedule I(CA) ?(UK) Schedule II(US)

Dependence Liability Moderate–High
Routes oral, intramuscular, intravenous, intranasal, subcutaneous, transdermal, rectal, epidural

Oxycodone is a medicine that is used to treat pain. This kind of pain medicine is called an analgesic.

Oxycodone is a man-made opioid. This means that in the body, it acts like morphine, a powerful, natural painkiller. The chemical elements in oxycodone are very similar to codeine, another natural painkiller.


Oxycodone Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.