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Tenchō facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts

Tenchō (天長) was a Japanese era name (年号,, nengō,, lit. "year name") after Kōnin and before Jōwa. This period started in January 824 and ended in January 834. The reigning emperors were Junna-tennō (淳和天皇) and Ninmyō-tennō (仁明天皇).

Events of the Tenchō era

Toji 01 JPN
In Tenchō 3, work on the pagoda at To-ji was begun
  • 824 (Tenchō 1): This summer was entirely dry; and prayers for rain were offered by the Buddhist priest Kūkai (also known as Kōbō-Daishi). Those prayers seemed to be answered when it did rain.
  • 824 (Tenchō 1, 7th month): The former-Emperor Heizei died at age 51.
  • 825 (Tenchō 2, 11th month): The former-Emperor Saga celebrated his 40th birthday.
  • 826 (Tenchō 3, 11th month): Kūkai advises the emperor to build a pagoda near To-ji in Kyoto.

This era is part of Kōnin-jōgan, which is a historical period from 810 to 877. The importance of Buddhism and the arts was notable during this time.

Related pages

  • National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
Tenchō 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th
824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834
Preceded by:
Era or nengō:
Succeeded by:
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