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Abbot of Holyrood facts for kids

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The Abbot of Holyrood (later Commendator of Holyrood) was the head of the Augustinian monastic community of Holyrood Abbey, now in Edinburgh. The long history of the abbey came to a formal end in July 1606 when the parliament of Scotland turned the abbey into a secular lordship for the last commendator, John Bothwell (confirmed by charter in December 1607). The following is a list of abbots and commendators:

List of abbots

Sceau de Adam abbé de Holyrood
Seal of Adam
  • Alwin, 1128-1151
  • Osbert, 1151
  • William (I), 1152-1172
  • John, 1173-1178x1184
  • William (II), 1187x1189-1206
  • Walter, 1210-1217 or 1218
  • William (III), 1217 x 1218-1221
  • William (IV) son of "Owin", 1221-1227
  • Gilbert, 1236
  • Elias son of Nicholas, 1227-1236 x 1253
  • Henry, 1236 x 1253-1255
  • Radulf, 1253x1256-1258
  • Robert, 1273 x1279
  • William de Haddington, 1285
  • Adam, 1291-1299
  • Elias, 1309-1320 or 1321
  • Simon de Wedale, 1321-1327
  • John de Cambusnethan, 1328-1339
  • Bartholomew, 1342
  • Thomas de St Andrews, ?1347-1370
  • John, 1370-1378
  • David Bell, 1379-1386
  • John de Leith, 1386-71415x1420
  • Henry de Dryden, 1420-1423
  • Patrick Witherspoon (Wotherspoon), 1423-1445
  • William, 1425
  • James Cameron, 1446-1450
  • Archibald Crawford, 1450-1484
  • Robert Ballantyne, 1484-1500
  • James Stewart, 1498-1500
  • George Crichton, 1500-1526
  • William Douglas, 1526-1528
  • Robert Cairncross, 1528-1538
  • David Douglas, 1530-1531

List of commendators

Sceau de l'abbaye de Holyrood1555
Seal of Robert Stewart abbot
  • Robert Stewart, 1539-1568
  • Adam Bothwell, 1568-1582
  • John Bothwell, 1582-1606
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