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Alister Clark Memorial Rose Garden facts for kids

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ACMRG portrait 2 22-12-2013
The path to the old shire hall and the front gate. The roses in the middle distance are 'Kitty Kininmonth' and 'Amy Johnson'.

The Alister Clark Memorial Rose Garden is the only complete collection in Australia of the surviving roses of "the great Australian rose breeder, Alister Clark" (1864–1949). It is situated near "Glenara", his old house and garden in Bulla, Victoria, 10 km NW of Melbourne Airport. There are at least 150 named roses by Alister Clark and many more plausibly attributed to him. Of these 83 are known to survive, though the authenticity of some is disputed and another eight only survive outside Australia.

The garden is maintained by volunteers coordinated by the Hume City Council.

Roses in the garden

Below is an illustrated list of surviving Alister Clark roses in the Memorial Garden. Several related roses are also grown there. The list has been compiled from the brochure Alister Clark Memorial Garden of Hume City Council; and the online list established by Help Me Find Roses for Clark, Alister. Biographical detail comes from the Govanstones' The Women Behind the Roses. Further detail is from Susan Irvine's A Hillside of Roses. Roses putatively named after racehorses have been checked against the Pedigree Online Thoroughbred Database.

'Baxter Beauty' is the sport of an Alister Clark rose, not an Alister Clark rose itself. Nor is Rosa gigangtea, a species rose he frequently bred from. "Glenara No. 14", "Madge Taylor" and "Not Tonner's Fancy" (not shown) were found in his garden at "Glenara" and may be Clark roses. 'Broadway' was found at Mrs Oswin's in Broadway, Camberwell, Victoria and is probably a Clark Hybrid Gigantea. Clark's Hybrid Giganteas are often once flowering, but for a long period. They tend to be at their best in the Memorial Garden at Christmas, though 'Courier', 'Tonner's Fancy' and 'Pennant' are better in early Spring.

Nearly all the photos below were taken in the Alister Clark Memorial Rose Garden.

Amy Johnson ACMRG 30-12-2013
Amy Johnson, 1931, Hybrid Tea. Named after the aviation pioneer who had made the first one-woman flight from England to Australia the year before.
Australia Felix ACMRG 1-12-2013 3069
'Australia Felix' 1919, Hybrid Tea. Low growing but not a dwarf. Australia Felix ("happy Australia") was the name given by Thomas Mitchell the explorer to lush parts of western Victoria.
Baxter Beauty Maddingley II 12-5-2013
'Baxter Beauty', discovered by Russell Grimwade before 1927 at Baxter, Victoria, is a sport or seedling of Clark's 'Lorraine Lee'.
Billy Boiler ACMRG 17-11-2013 0250
'Billy Boiler', 1927, Hybrid Tea. Billy boiler was slang for a hot day.
Black Boy ACMRG 17-11-2013 0223
'Black Boy' 1919, Hybrid Tea climber. Far and away the most popular climbing rose in Australia between the World Wars.
Borderer ACMRG 8-12-2013
'Borderer', Floribunda, 1919.
Broadway ACMRG 30-12-2013
"Broadway", 1933, Hybrid Gigantea probably by Clark. Also known as "Mrs Oswin's Gigangtea". "Broadway" can look like a climbing form of Rosa mutabilis.
Busybody Bulla 15-2-2015 4172
'Busybody' 1929. A miniature Hybrid Tea with some scent and apricot-beige colour, deepening in autumn.
Cherub ACMRG 17-11-2013 0191
'Cherub' 1923, Rambler.
Ciceley Lascelles ACMRG 17-11-2013 0207
'Cicely Lascelles', 1937, Climber. Cicely Lascelles (1895–1989), a champion golfer, came from a landed family who were friends of the Clarks.
Cicely O'Rorke ACMRG 17-11-2013 0213
'Cicely O'Rorke, 1937, Climber. Cicely O'Rorke was a New Zealand relation by marriage who often stayed with the Clarks in the 1930s and 1940s.
Countess of Stradbroke ACMRG 15-12-2013
'Countess of Stradbroke' 1928, Climber. The Earl of Stradbroke was Governor of Victoria 1920–1926. The Countess raced horses there and stayed at the Clarks'.
Courier ACMRG 14-9-2014
'Courier' 1930, Hybrid Gigantea climber. Probably named after a contemporary racehorse.
Daydream ACMRG 22-12-2013
'Daydream' 1925, Climber. According to Clark, a rose "like a waterlily".
Diana Allen ACMRG 15-12-2013
Diana Allen 1939, Hybrid Tea with Damask scent. Diana Allen was a Clark family friend in New Zealand and Australia, a champion skier who died young in childbirth.
Dividend ACMRG 15-12-2013
'Dividend' 1931, Hybrid Tea. Dividend was a successful racehorse of Clark's.
Doris Downs ACMRG 28-9-2014
'Doris Downes' 1932, well-scented Hybrid Gigantea. Doris Mary Robb (1890–1981) was a stylish Melbourne beauty who married Dr Rupert Major-General Downes. She and Clark were fellow rose breeders.
Editor Stewart ACMRG 27-11-2013 0356
'Editor Stewart' 1939, Hybrid Tea. T.A. Stewart was editor of the Australian Rose Annual for thirty years.
Emily Rhodes ACMRG 8-12-2013
'Emily Rhodes' 1937, Climber. Emily Rhodes was a New Zealand sister-in-law of Alister Clark, twice over.
Fairlie Rede ACMRG 23-11-2013 0330 edited
'Fairlie Rede' 1937, Hybrid Tea. Fairlie Rede was an artist who ran a nursery on the Mornington Peninsula. She edited the Australian Rose Annual for a time.
Flying Colours ACMRG 4-10-2014
'Flying Colours' 1922, Hybrid Gigantea climber. Very large scented flowers once a year. Flying Colours was a racehorse.
Gladsome ACMG 17-11-2013 0195-II
'Gladsome' 1937, Hybrid Multiflora. 'Gladsome' puts on a huge display, in spring only.
Glenara ACMRG 27-11-2013 0373
'Glenara' 1951, Hybrid Tea found at the Clarks' house of the same name on Deep Creek, Bulla.
Glenara No 14 ACMRG 27-11-2013
'Glenara No. 14' A two-toned pink Hybrid Tea climber found by John Nieuwesteeg in 2001 at Glenara.
Golden Vision ACMRG 23-11-2013 0290
'Golden Vision' 1922, Hybrid Gigantea climber. Flowers once in spring or summer. More lemon-yellow than golden.
Gwen Nash ACMRG 1-12-2013 3055
'Gwen Nash' 1920, Hybrid Tea climber. Gwendoline Alice Nash (1893–1972) was the middle child in a family very close to the Clarks.
Harbinger ACMRG 8-12-2014
'Harbinger' 1923, Hybrid Gigantea. Harbinger of course of spring.
Herbert Brunning St Kilda 1-3-2014
'Herbert Brunning' 1940, Hybrid Tea. Herbert John Brunning (1864–1949) was a well known St Kilda nurseryman, prominent in the National Rose Society.
Janet Morrison ACMRG 22-12-2013
'Janet Morrison' 1936, Hybrid Tea. Scottish-born Elizabeth Janet Morrison (1865–1945) was married to a prominent Melbourne gynecologist.
Jessie Clark VSRG 15-12-2013
'Jessie Clark' 1915, Hybrid Gigantea. Lady Jessie Johnston (1889–1984) was Alister Clark's niece. Her rose was his first seedling from Rosa gigantea and his first great success as a breeder.
Kitty Kininmonth ACMRG 30-12-2013 II
'Kitty Kininmonth' 1922, Hybrid Gigantea climber. Kitty Kininmonth (1893–1933) came from a Western District family who have grown her rose since it was named for her.
Lady Huntingfield 20120311 Werribee
'Lady Huntingfield' 1937, Hybrid Tea. Margaret Crosby was a New York judge's daughter who married the Australian-born Baron Huntingfield. He was Governor of Victoria 1933–1939.
Lady Mann ACMRG 27-11-2013 0368
'Lady Mann' 1940, Hybrid Gigantea. Adeline Mary Raleigh (1884–1957), a farmer's daughter, married a barrister who became Sir Frederick Mann, Chief Justice of Victoria.
Lady Medallist ACMRG 8-12-2014
'Lady Medallist' 1912, Hybrid Tea climber. The first rose Clark released to the public. Lady Medallist was a racehorse.
Lady Somers 20-2-2014 1854
'Lady Somers' 1930, Hybrid Gigantea. Lord Somers was Governor of Victoria 1926–1931. Lady Somers (Daisy Finola Meeking, 1896–1981) was a pioneer aviator who ended her long career as Chief Guide of the British Empire.
Lorraine Lee St Kilda 22-11-2013 0264
'Lorraine Lee' 1924, Hybrid Gigantea. Proportionately the most popular rose ever grown in Australia; thousands of plants remain. Lorraine Lee was a distant cousin of the Clarks' who came on a visit.
Lorraine Lee climbing ACMRG 30-12-2013
'Lorraine Lee climbing' 1932, strong Hybrid Gigantea climber. Sport of 'Lorraine Lee' discovered in 1932.
Mab Grimwade St Kilda 2-2-2014
'Mab Griwade' small Hybrid Tea, 1937. Mabel Kelly (1887–1973) was married to Sir Russell Grimwade, chemist, industrialist and philanthropist. They had a big garden at Westerfield near Baxter, Victoria (see 'Baxter Beauty').
Madge Taylor Bulla 1-12-2013 3091
'Madge Taylor' 1930, Hybrid Tea. Madge Taylor (1903–1988) grew up on a big sheep and cattle station at Keilor, Victoria. She and her father shared golfing and hunting interests with the Clarks.
Margaret Turnbull ACMRG 4-1-2014
'Margaret Turnbull' 1931, Hybrid Tea climber. Margaret Turnbull (1867–1953) was the daughter of a Scots storekeeper who became a Victorian Member of Parliament. Never married, she was a friend of the Clarks for over fifty years.
Marjorie Palmer ACMRG 27-11-2013 0381
'Marjory Palmer' 1936, Polyantha. Marjory Staughton (1881–1968) married the polo-playing stock-and-station agent Claude Palmer. The Palmers and Staughtons knew the Clarks well.
Mary Guthrie ACMRG 23-11-2013 0316 cropped
'Mary Guthrie' 1929, Polyantha. Mary Guthrie (1915–1990) was the daughter of a Victorian farmer and Senator, and a mother from a family of New Zealand graziers.
Milkmaid ACMRG 23-11-2013 0276
'Milkmaid 1925, Noisette. Recurrent flowering. Aptly smells of milk and honey.
Mrs Albert Nash ACMRG 1-12-2013
'Mrs Albert Nash' 1929, Hybrid Tea. Maud, Mrs Albert Nash (1862–1943) and her family were among the Clarks' closest friends. Her rose burns in hot sun, so looks better in autumn.
Mrs Alstons Rose ACMRG 8-12-2013
'Mrs Alston's rose' 1940, dwarf Polyantha. Maude and Tom Alston had a place at Oaklands and were presented with this unregistered rose on a casual visit from Clark.
Mrs Fred Danks ACMRG March 2011
'Mrs Fred Danks' 1951, Hybrid Tea. Dorothy and Fred Danks were plant fanciers in Canterbury, Victoria and friends of Clark, who often brought them plants to try out.
Mrs Harold Alston ACMRG 27-11-2013 0460
'Mrs Harold Alston' 1940, Hybrid Tea. The Scottish-born Elizabeth Stewart (1910–1963) was married to Harold Alston, a gardening journalist. They had a garden at Diamond Creek which included many Alister Clark originals.
Mrs Harold Brookes ACMRG 27-11-2013
'Mrs Harold Brookes' 1931, Hybrid Tea. Dorothy Bird married a polo-playing stock-and-station agent, Harold Brookes, who knew Alister Clark. Together they created a six-acre garden north of Woodend, Victoria.
Mrs Hugh Dettmann ACMRG 23-11-2013
'Mrs Hugh Dettmann' 1930, Hybrid Gigantea with big orange hips in autumn. The Dettmanns were daffodil and rose fanciers with a large garden at Kyneton, Victoria in which Clark liked to try out new varieties.
Mrs Norman Watson ACMRG 22-12-2013
'Mrs Norman Watson' 1930 Hybrid Tea climber. Susan Wood (1883–1951) was the daughter of a Creswick farm worker. She and her husband were rose and garden enthusiasts in Geelong who eventually ran a successful flower shop there.
Mrs Richard Turnbull VSRG 15-12-2013
'Mrs Richard Turnbull' 1945, Hybrid Gigantea climber. Emily Mackay and her husband Richard Turnbull both came from Eastern Australian grazing and racing families. Their horse Sirius won the Melbourne Cup in 1944.
Nancy Hayward ACMRG 17-11-2013 0220
'Nancy Hayward' 1937, Hybrid Tea climber. Nancy Irvine was the daughter of a Federal Minister, later Chief Justice of Victoria. She married Ian Hayward from an Adelaide retail family. She never cared for the rose Clark named after her.
Nora Cunningham ACMRG 22-12-2013
'Nora Cunningham' 1920, Hybrid Gigantea. Nora Cuningham (surname correctly spelt with one en) knew the Clarks very well as a young woman. The rose was named for her in 1920 when she married Les Austin, a Western District farmer.
Peggy Bell ACMRG 8-12-2013
'Peggy Bell' 1928, Hybrid Tea. Peggy Bell grew up on a family property at Lilydale. After she had been to finishing school in Switzerland, she was presented with a rose by Alister Clark, a family friend, on her 21st birthday in 1929. Miss Bell did not believe this rose was the one originally dedicated to her.
Pennant ACMRG 14-9-2014
'Pennant' 1941, Hybrid Gigantea. A very double pink rose growing to six metres. The leaves are often more conspicuous than the flowers.
Princeps ACMRG 22-12-2013
'Princeps' 1942, Hybrid Tea climber. From the 1920s till the end of his life Clark shared the period craze for dark red roses. Perhaps his Latin princeps means "first among equals".
Queen of Hearts Bulla 30-12-2013
'Queen of Hearts' 1919, Hybrid Tea climber. Highly scented, growing to over three metres. Queen of Hearts was probably a racehorse.
Restless ACMRG 23-11-2013 0343 cropped
'Restless' 1938, Hybrid Tea. Said to have the name because the bush moves around freely in the wind.
Ringlet ACMRG 1-12-2013 3059
'Ringlet' 1922, Hybrid Tea climber. Masses of scented simple flowers recurrently.
Rosa gigantea ACMRG 27-11-2013 0417
Rosa gigantea The tallest of all species roses, found in the Himalayas and southern China. Clark made many direct and second-generation crosses to it, more successfully than any other rose breeder.
Scorcher ACMRG 4-1-2014
'Scorcher' 1922, dark red Hybrid Gigantea. A scorcher was slang for a very hot day.
Sheila Bellair ACMRG 22-12-2013
'Sheila Bellair' 1937, Hybrid Tea. Sheila Bellair (1912–1975) and her sisters were members of Oaklands Hunt Club, as was Alister Clark. Their father was a racing colleague of his.
Squatters Dream ACMRG 8-12-2013
'Squatter's Dream' 1923, Hybrid Gigantea. Squatter's Dream was a racehorse. This single rose, 2 metres tall, is thought not to be Clark's short, double original.
Suitor VSRG 15-12-2013
'Suitor' 1940, dwarf Polyantha. Suitor was a racehorse.
Sunlit ACMRG 27-11-2013 0394
'Sunlit' 1937, Hybrid Tea. Good scent and always in flower.
Sunny South ACMRG 1-12-2013 3050
'Sunny South' 1918, Hybrid Tea. Widely used between the Wars as a tall hedging rose.
Tonner's Fancy ACMRG 27-11-2013 0433
'Tonner's Fancy' 1928, double-flowered Hybrid Gigantea. Tonner's Fancy was a racehorse.
Traverser 1928 Glenara
'Traverser' 1928, Hybrid Gigantea. One of "these double-flowering hybrids … Mr Clark has named Traverser, because of its ability to run and climb … The plant at Glenara … travelled 40ft. along [a] fence …"
Zara Hore-Ruthven ACMRG 15-12-2013
'Zara Hore-Ruthven' 1932, Hybrid Tea. Lady Gowrie (1879–1965) was the wife of a State Governor who later became Governor-General and Earl of Gowrie. Clark used Lady Gowrie's untitled married name. The Clarks knew the Gowries socially.
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