Alveolar approximant facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Alveolar approximant
ɹ
IPA number 151
Encoding
Entity (decimal) ɹ
Unicode (hex) U+0279
X-SAMPA r\
Kirshenbaum r

 

The alveolar approximant is a consonant. We use it in some spoken languages. International Phonetic Alphabet represents the alveolar and postalveolar approximants as ⟨ɹ⟩. International Phonetic Alphabet represents it as a lowercase letter r rotated 180 degrees, or in broad transcription ⟨r⟩; the X-SAMPA symbol of this is ⟨r\⟩.

Many times the symbol is written as ⟨r⟩ instead of ⟨ɹ⟩ because typing ⟨r⟩ is easier.

Occurrence

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Armenian Eastern սուրճ [suɹtʃʰ] 'coffee'
Chukchi ңирэк [ŋiɹek] 'two'
Dutch Goois door [doəɹ] 'through' Most dialects use an alveolar tap or trill. See Dutch phonology
Leiden dialect rat [ɹat] 'rat'
English American dialects red [ɹ̠ˤʷɛd] 'red' Often retracted and labialized. In non-rhotic dialects, it occurs only before a vowel. May also be a labialized retroflex approximant; corresponds to an alveolar trill or alveolar tap in a few other dialects. For convenience it is often transcribed <r>. See English phonology
Australian
Received Pronunciation
Faroese róður [ɹɔuwʊɹ] 'rudder'
German Westerwald Rebe [ɹeːbə] 'vine shoot' Most other dialects use a voiced uvular fricative or uvular trill. See German phonology
Siegerland
Upper Lusatian
Portuguese Many Central-Southern Brazilian dialects. See Portuguese phonology
Some countryside Central-Southern Brazilian dialects 'rainstorm'
Spanish Some dialects doscientos [do̞ɹˈθje̞nto̞s] 'two hundred' Allophone of /s/ in the syllable coda. See Spanish phonology
Vietnamese rơ [ɹəː] 'to clean' See Vietnamese phonology
Zapotec Tilquiapan r [ɹd̪ɨ] 'pass' Allophone of /ɾ/ before any consonant.

Alveolar approximant Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.