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Arturo Armando Molina facts for kids

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Arturo Armando Molina
Coronel Arturo Molina.png
36th President of El Salvador
In office
July 1, 1972 – July 1, 1977
Vice President Enrique Mayorga Rivas
Preceded by Fidel Sánchez Hernández
Succeeded by Carlos Humberto Romero
Personal details
Born (1927-08-06)August 6, 1927
San Salvador, El Salvador
Died July 18, 2021(2021-07-18) (aged 93)
California, USA
Political party National Conciliation Party
Spouse(s) María Elena Contreras de Molina
Alma mater Captain General Gerardo Barrios Military School
Profession Military, politician
Military service
Allegiance  El Salvador
Branch/service Salvadoran Army
Rank Colonel

Colonel Arturo Armando Molina Barraza (August 6, 1927 – July 19, 2021) was a Salvadoran politician and military officer, who served as President of El Salvador from 1972 to 1977.

He was born in San Salvador. He served between July 1, 1972, and July 1, 1977. The 1973 oil crisis led to rising food prices and decreased agricultural output. This worsened the existent socioeconomic inequality in the country, leading to increased unrest. In response, Molina enacted a series of land reform measures, calling for large landholdings to be redistributed among the peasant population.

Molina was distrusted by the oligarchy and the right-wing military, and was resented by the opposition from whom he had stolen power. His attempts to silence opposition included the military occupation of the University of El Salvador in 1972, as well as violently suppressing student protests which erupted after public funds were used to hold the Miss Universe contest in San Salvador. He also oversaw assassinations of priests in the country. His regime saw extreme polarization and violence in the country. His tenure ended in 1977, and then he left the country. Molina returned to El Salvador in 1992.

He died on 18 July 2021 in California, United States, at the age of 93.

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