Arturo Armando Molina facts for kids
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Arturo Armando Molina
|36th President of El Salvador|
July 1, 1972 – July 1, 1977
|Vice President||Enrique Mayorga Rivas|
|Preceded by||Fidel Sánchez Hernández|
|Succeeded by||Carlos Humberto Romero|
August 6, 1927|
San Salvador, El Salvador
|Died||July 18, 2021
|Political party||National Conciliation Party|
|Spouse(s)||María Elena Contreras de Molina|
|Alma mater||Captain General Gerardo Barrios Military School|
Colonel Arturo Armando Molina Barraza (August 6, 1927 – July 19, 2021) was a Salvadoran politician and military officer, who served as President of El Salvador from 1972 to 1977.
He was born in San Salvador. He served between July 1, 1972, and July 1, 1977. The 1973 oil crisis led to rising food prices and decreased agricultural output. This worsened the existent socioeconomic inequality in the country, leading to increased unrest. In response, Molina enacted a series of land reform measures, calling for large landholdings to be redistributed among the peasant population.
Molina was distrusted by the oligarchy and the right-wing military, and was resented by the opposition from whom he had stolen power. His attempts to silence opposition included the military occupation of the University of El Salvador in 1972, as well as violently suppressing student protests which erupted after public funds were used to hold the Miss Universe contest in San Salvador. He also oversaw assassinations of priests in the country. His regime saw extreme polarization and violence in the country. His tenure ended in 1977, and then he left the country. Molina returned to El Salvador in 1992.
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