Osteichthyes facts for kids

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Bony fish
Temporal range: Late Silurian - Recent
Atlantic herring
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclass: Osteichthyes
Huxley, 1880

Osteichthyes are a taxonomic superclass of fish, also called bony fish that includes the ray-finned fish (Actinopterygii) and lobe finned fish (Sarcopterygii). The split between these two classes occurred around 440 million of years. The Osteichthyes are paraphyletic with land vertebrates, in some classification schemes the tetrapods are considered to be members of the Osteichthyes for this reason. Osteichthyes are the most various group of vertebrates, consisting of over 29,000 species, making them the largest class of vertebrates in existence today.

Phylogeny

The phylogeny of living Osteichthyes, including the tetrapods, is shown in the cladogram.

Osteichthyes/
Sarcopterygii
Coelacanthimorpha

Coelacanthiformes Coelacanth flipped.png


Rhipidistia
Dipnomorpha

CeratodontiformesBarramunda coloured.jpg



TetrapodomorphaDeutschlands Amphibien und Reptilien (Salamandra salamdra).jpg




Actinopterygii
Cladistia

PolypteriformesCuvier-105-Polyptère.jpg


Actinopteri
Chondrostei

AcipenseriformesAtlantic sturgeon flipped.jpg


Neopterygii
Holostei

AmiiformesAmia calva 1908 flipped.jpg



LepisosteiformesLongnose gar flipped.jpg



Teleostei
Elopocephalai

ElopiformesM.E. Blochii ... Systema ichthyologiae iconibus CX illustratum (Plate 82) (white background).jpg




AlbuliformesPterothrissus gissu1.jpg




NotacanthiformesNotacanthus sexspinis1.jpg



AnguilliformesAnguilla anguilla1.jpg





Osteoglossocephalai
Osteoglossomorpha

Osteoglossiformes F de Castelnau-poissonsPl26 Osteoglossum minus flipped.jpg



Hiodontiformes



Clupeocephala
Otomorpha
Clupei

ClupeiformesClupea harengus Gervais.jpg



Alepocephali

AlepocephaliformesXenodermichthys copei1 flipped.jpg


Ostariophysi
Anotophysa

GonorynchiformesChanos chanos Day.png


Otophysa

CypriniformesCyprinus carpio3.jpg




CharaciformesF de Castelnau-poissonsPl37 (Serrasalmus humeralis).jpg




Gymnotiformes Johann Natterer - Ituí-cavalo (Apteronotus albifrons).jpg



SiluriformesBlack bullhead flipped.jpeg








Euteleosteomorpha

Lepidogalaxiiformes




Protacanthopterygii

ArgentiniformesAlepocephalus rostratus Gervais.jpg




Galaxiiformes




Salmoniformes Salmo salar flipped.jpg



Esociformes







Stomiatii

OsmeriformesOsmerus mordax flipped.jpg



StomiatiformesMelanocetus murrayi (Murrays abyssal anglerfish).jpg




NeoteleosteiZeus faber.jpg













Osteichthyes Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.