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Boris Borisovich Yegorov
Boris Borisovich Yegorov2.jpg
Born (1937-11-26)26 November 1937
Died 12 September 1994(1994-09-12) (aged 56)
Moscow, Russia
Nationality Soviet
Occupation Doctor
Space career
Time in space
1d 00h 17m
Selection Civilian Specialist Group 1
Missions Voskhod 1

Boris Borisovich Yegorov (Russian: Борис Борисович Егоров; 26 November 1937, Moscow – 12 September 1994, Moscow) was a Soviet physician-cosmonaut who became the first physician to make a space flight.

Yegorov came from a medical background, with his father a prominent heart surgeon, and his mother an ophthalmologist. He also selected medicine as a career and graduated from the First Moscow Medical Institute in 1961. During the course of his studies, he came into contact with Yuri Gagarin's training and became interested in space medicine.

Yegorov earned his doctorate in medicine, with his specialisation being in disorders of the sense of balance.

Yegorov was selected as a member of the multi-disciplinary team that flew on Voskhod 1. It has been suggested that his father's influence within the Politburo may have had some bearing on the selection. As a result of this space flight, Yegorov was awarded the title of the Hero of the Soviet Union on October 19, 1964.

He died from a heart attack in 1994.


Yegorov was married three times and fathered three children.


He was awarded:

  • Hero of the Soviet Union
  • Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR
  • Order of Lenin
  • Order of the Red Banner of Labour
  • Medal "For the Development of Virgin Lands"
  • Nine jubilee medals
  • Hero of Socialist Labour (Vietnam)
  • Banner Order of the Hungarian People's Republic
  • Медаль «25 лет Народной власти»


  • "Rockets and people" – B. E. Chertok, M: "mechanical engineering", 1999. ISBN: 5-217-02942-0
  • "S. P. Korolev. Encyclopedia of life and creativity" - edited by C. A. Lopota, RSC Energia. S. P. Korolev, 2014 ISBN: 978-5-906674-04-3
Soviet Union-1964-stamp-Boris Borisovich Yegorov
1964 USSR postage stamp honouring Boris Yegorov

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Boris Yegorov para niños

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