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Building at 29–31 River Street facts for kids

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Building at 29–31 River Street
SouthbridgeMA 29-31 RiverStreet.jpg
Location 29–31 River St.,
Southbridge, Massachusetts
Area less than one acre
Architectural style Vernacular Colonial Revival
MPS Southbridge MRA
NRHP reference No. 89000575
Added to NRHP June 22, 1989

The Building at 29–31 River Street in Southbridge, Massachusetts, is one of two once similar triple-deckers built during a housing boom related to the success of the nearby Hamilton Woolen Company. Of six such houses built in the 1910s and 1920s on River Street, only it and 25-27 River Street remain. The building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1989, since when its historic integrity has been compromised.

Description and history

29–31 River Street is located east of the former Hamilton Woolen Company plant, on the south side of River Street between Oliver and Cross Streets. It is a three-story wood frame structure, with a gabled roof and an exterior of modern siding. Its front facade was once mostly covered by a three-level porch, each level supported by round columns; the upper porches have been removed. The main entrances to the building are via a pair of doors in the surviving ground-floor porch. The roof is flat, with a projecting but relatively plain cornice, and an extension over where the porches were located. The relatively plain form of these buildings is in contrast to earlier, more ornate styles that preceded their construction.

This building was erected sometime between 1910 and 1920, these years following the construction of the Hamilton Company's "New Mill" across the street. The economic success of the Hamilton Company and its accompanying construction was in contrast to other Massachusetts mill communities, which went into decline during this period. The mill across the street was shuttered in 1935 following a strike. Of six triple deckers built in the 1910s and 1920s on River Street, only it and 25-27 River Street remain. Both have had their historic integrity compromised by exterior changes; in the case of this building, removal of the porches and application of modern siding is particularly significant.

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