Echizen Washi facts for kids
Echizen washi (越前和紙)is a type of Japanese paper that is made in Echizen, Fukui Prefecture, Japan. Echizen washi is the best in Japan in terms of quality, variety, and production volume. There are many types of Echizen washi. Echizen Hoshoshi (越前奉書紙) and Echizen Torinokogami (越前鳥子紙) are Echizen washi that designated important intangible cultural property of Japan. Washi is made from three main materials such as Kozo, Mitsumata, Gampi. Hemp and wood pulp are also materials.
Echizen washi has a history of about 1,500 years. In 4~5c, ancient (old) documents in Shōsō-in confirmed the existence of Echizen washi but it is said that Echizen washi had made before it. In the early days, Echizen washi was used as a sutra paper. In 1341, The paper was named “Echizen-hosho” and began to produced and used in large quantities as official documents for the higher classes. Echizen washi developed under the protection of the shogunate and lords. In 1661, the first Japanese bills, “hansatsu“, are published in Fukui Prefecture and made in Echizen washi production areas. In 1868 the first Japanese official bills "Dajokansatsu" were published and made in Echizen washi production area. (As a result of the government's review and comparison of bills issued by various clans throughout Japan, Echizen washi was considered to be the best quality in Japan.)
The Birthplace of Paper Money.
- During the Edo period (1603-1868), the Fukui domain produced paper money that could be used for transactions within the domain, and was one of the first in Japan to use paper money. Later, in the Meiji era (1868-1912), paper from Goka, ‘Echizen washi’, was also used for banknotes issued by the government. Although today's yen banknotes are not printed on Goka paper, it is no exaggeration to say that the paper produced here is the direct ancestor of Japan's modern banknotes.
There is a legend about the origin of Echizen Washi. The Legend of Kawakami Gozen.
- Long ago, a woman appeared at the upper reaches of the river that flowed through Goka. She said to the people of the village, "This area's many mountains may make it ill-suited for farming, but by using the area's pure, clean water you can make a living from making paper," and taught the villagers how to make paper. The thankful villagers asked what her name was, but all she said was, "I live upstream on the Okamoto River," and with that she vanished. The villagers called her Kawakami Gozen (literally "the lady of the upper reaches"), and dedicated Okamoto shrine to her as the goddess of paper-making.
The Goka area consists of the five villages of Oizu, Otaki, Iwamoto, Shinzaike, and Sadatomo. This area constitutes the “Echizen washi” and from the 6th century to now, paper making has been continued.
Echizen Washi Village
- Udatsu Museum and Workshop
In the Udatsu Museum and Workshop, visitors can see how artisans make Echizen washi by using traditional tools and technique.
- Paper & Culture Museum
Exhibits explain the origin and history of Echizen washi, manufacturing process and examples of Echizen washi use.
- Papyrus House
Visitors can create their own original Japanese paper.
4. Paper & Culture Museum Exhibits
- Echizen Kamisuki Uta (Echizen Paper Making Song)
Echizen Washi Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.