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Eucalyptus argillacea facts for kids

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Mount House box
Eucalyptus argillacea habit.jpg
Eucalyptus argillacea near Mount Barnett Station
Scientific classification
Genus:
Eucalyptus
Species:
argillacea

Eucalyptus argillacea, commonly known as Mount House box, or northern grey box is a tree that is endemic to northern Australia. It has rough, fibrous bark, lance-shaped adult leaves, flower buds usually in groups of seven, creamy white flowers and conical fruit.

Eucalyptus argillacea bark
bark
Eucalyptus argillacea buds
flower buds

Description

Eucalyptus argillacea is a tree that typically grows to a height of 4 to 14 metres (13 to 46 ft) with rough, grey, fibrous bark on its trunk and branches. The adult leaves are elliptic to lance-shaped or egg-shaped, light green to greyish green, 50–140 mm (2.0–5.5 in) long and 7–35 mm (0.3–1 in) wide on a petiole 5–23 mm (0.20–0.91 in) long. The flower buds are arranged in groups of between three and seven on a peduncle 3–15 mm (0.1–0.6 in) long, the individual buds on a pedicel 2–5 mm (0.08–0.2 in) long. The mature buds are pear-shaped, oval or spindle-shaped, 6–10 mm (0.24–0.39 in) long and 4–6 mm (0.2–0.2 in) wide with a conical to beaked operculum 2–3 mm (0.079–0.12 in) long and 3–4 mm (0.12–0.16 in) wide. Flowering occurs from April to July or from October to December and the flowers are creamy white. The fruit is a conical capsule, 6–10 mm (0.24–0.39 in) long and 4–6 mm (0.16–0.24 in) wide.

This species is similar to other box-type eucalypts found in tropical areas including E. tectifica, E. distans and E. obconica.

Taxonomy and naming

Eucalyptus argillacea was first formally described in 1918 by William Vincent Fitzgerald and the description was publish in Joseph Maiden's book A Critical Revision of the Genus Eucalyptus from specimens collected by Fitzgerald in 1905 from around the base of Mount House. The specific epithet (argillacea) is a Latin word meaning "clayey", referring to the soil at the type location.

Distribution and habitat

Mount House box is found along watercourses and on plains where it grows in alluvium and heavy clay soils. Populations are found in the Kimberley region of Western Australia, the Northern Territory and northern Queensland.

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