Gambit facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts

A gambit is a chess opening involving a sacrifice. In these openings a player, usually White, sacrifices (gives away) a pawn or more. The usual reason is to develop faster, and get an attack against the black king. An example:

Evans Gambit

Evans Gambit
Start of chess board.
a8 black rook b8 __ c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king f8 __ g8 black knight h8 black rook
a7 black pawn b7 black pawn c7 black pawn d7 black pawn e7 __ f7 black pawn g7 black pawn h7 black pawn
a6 __ b6 __ c6 black knight d6 __ e6 __ f6 __ g6 __ h6 __
a5 black bishop b5 __ c5 __ d5 __ e5 __ f5 __ g5 __ h5 __
a4 __ b4 __ c4 white bishop d4 __ e4 white pawn f4 __ g4 __ h4 __
a3 __ b3 white queen c3 black pawn d3 __ e3 __ f3 white knight g3 __ h3 __
a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 __ d2 __ e2 __ f2 white pawn g2 white pawn h2 white pawn
a1 white rook b1 white knight c1 white bishop d1 __ e1 __ f1 white rook g1 white king h1 __
End of chess board.
1.e4 e5
2.Nf3 Nc6
3.Bc4 Bc5
4.b4 Bxb4
5.c3 Ba5
6.d4 exd4
7.0-0 dxc3
8.Qb3 and White has a serious attack for the pawns. 4.b4 is the Evans Gambit.

Benko Gambit

In modern times gambits are usually not for direct attacks on the king. They aim at 'positional' advantages, such as freer play for the pieces. A well-known example is the Benko Gambit:

Benko Gambit
Start of chess board.
a8 black rook b8 black knight c8 __ d8 black queen e8 __ f8 black rook g8 black king h8 __
a7 __ b7 __ c7 __ d7 __ e7 black pawn f7 black pawn g7 black bishop h7 black pawn
a6 black bishop b6 __ c6 __ d6 black pawn e6 __ f6 black knight g6 black pawn h6 __
a5 __ b5 __ c5 black pawn d5 white pawn e5 __ f5 __ g5 __ h5 __
a4 __ b4 __ c4 __ d4 __ e4 __ f4 __ g4 __ h4 __
a3 __ b3 __ c3 white knight d3 __ e3 __ f3 white knight g3 white pawn h3 __
a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 __ d2 __ e2 white pawn f2 white pawn g2 white bishop h2 white pawn
a1 white rook b1 __ c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 __ f1 white rook g1 white king h1 __
End of chess board.
1.d4 Nf6
2.c4 c5
3.d5 b5
4.cxb5 a6
5.bxa6 Bxa6
6.Nc3 d6
7.Nf3 g6
8.g3 Bg7
9.Bg2 0-0

In return for his pawn, Black gets open lines for his bishops and his rook on a8.


Gambit Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.