Gambit facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts

A gambit is a chess opening involving a sacrifice. In these openings a player, usually White, sacrifices (gives away) a pawn or more. The usual reason is to develop faster, and get an attack against the black king. An example:

Evans Gambit

Evans Gambit
Start of chess board.
a8 black rook c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king g8 black knight h8 black rook
a7 black pawn b7 black pawn c7 black pawn d7 black pawn f7 black pawn g7 black pawn h7 black pawn
c6 black knight
a5 black bishop
c4 white bishop e4 white pawn
b3 white queen c3 black pawn f3 white knight
a2 white pawn b2 white pawn f2 white pawn g2 white pawn h2 white pawn
a1 white rook b1 white knight c1 white bishop f1 white rook g1 white king
End of chess board.
1.e4 e5
2.Nf3 Nc6
3.Bc4 Bc5
4.b4 Bxb4
5.c3 Ba5
6.d4 exd4
7.0-0 dxc3
8.Qb3 and White has a serious attack for the pawns. 4.b4 is the Evans Gambit.

Benko Gambit

In modern times gambits are usually not for direct attacks on the king. They aim at 'positional' advantages, such as freer play for the pieces. A well-known example is the Benko Gambit:

Benko Gambit
Start of chess board.
a8 black rook b8 black knight d8 black queen f8 black rook g8 black king
e7 black pawn f7 black pawn g7 black bishop h7 black pawn
a6 black bishop d6 black pawn f6 black knight g6 black pawn
c5 black pawn d5 white pawn
c3 white knight f3 white knight g3 white pawn
a2 white pawn b2 white pawn e2 white pawn f2 white pawn g2 white bishop h2 white pawn
a1 white rook c1 white bishop d1 white queen f1 white rook g1 white king
End of chess board.
1.d4 Nf6
2.c4 c5
3.d5 b5
4.cxb5 a6
5.bxa6 Bxa6
6.Nc3 d6
7.Nf3 g6
8.g3 Bg7
9.Bg2 0-0

In return for his pawn, Black gets open lines for his bishops and his rook on a8.


Gambit Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.