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Gaspésie National Park facts for kids

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Parc national de la Gaspésie
IUCN Category II (National Park)
Mont Jacques-Cartier.JPG
Location La Haute-Gaspésie and La Matanie RCMs, Quebec, Canada
Nearest city Sainte-Anne-des-Monts
Area 80,200 hectares
Established November 25, 1981
Governing body Sépaq

Gaspésie National Park (French: Parc national de la Gaspésie) is a provincial park located south of the town of Sainte-Anne-des-Monts, Quebec, Canada in the inland of the Gaspé peninsula. The park contains the highest peak of the Appalachian Mountains in Canada, Mont Jacques-Cartier, 1,270 metres (4,170 ft) above sea level. In addition, the park contains the only population of Caribou found south of the Saint Lawrence River in Canada.

ParcGaspesie
A panorama of the mountains in Gaspésie National Park

Geology

There are two major and geologically distinct mountain ranges in the park. The first one, to the west of the St-Anne's River, is the Chic-Choc Mountain range. This range is 600 million years old and was mainly formed from underwater volcanic activity.

In contrast, the McGerrigle Mountains are much younger, only 380 million years. From the depths of the sea, magma oozed through cracks in the Earth's crust and then cooled, resulting in a large underground granite batholith. Over time, the softer sedimentary rocks above the batholith eroded away, leaving only the resistant granite. Mont Jacques-Cartier is part of this range.

Climate

Owing the area's elevation and proximity to the Saint Lawrence River, the climate of the park is very different from the lowlands of Quebec. Mount Logan, at an altitude of 1,150 m (3,770 ft), has an average annual temperature of −3.6 °C (25.5 °F). This low temperature, combined with the lower pressure at high altitude, causes moisture to condense and fall as rain or snow; in fact, these mountains are the wettest region of Quebec.

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