Hōreki (宝暦), also known as Horyaku, was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō,, lit. "year name") after Kan'en and before Meiwa. The period started in October 1751 and ended in June 1764. During this time, the emperor and emperess were Momozono-tennō (桃園天皇) and Go-Sakuramachi-tennō (後桜町天皇).
Events of the Hōreki era
The previous era ended in 1751 (Kan'en 4, 27th day of the 10th month); however, this nengō was created years later. By Imperial command, the era was re-named on December 2, 1754, which then became 19th day of the 10th month of the 4th year of Hōreki.
- 1752 (Hōreki 2): An ambassador from the Ryūkyū Kingdom was received in Edo.
- 1754 (Hōreki 4): Shimazu clan was ordered to complete Kizo River flood control project
- 1755 (Hōreki 5): Calendar reform by Abe Yasukuni, Shibukawa Kōkyō and Nishiyama Seikyū is named Horiki Kojutsu Gen-reki (Hōryaku calendar)
- 1758 (Hōreki 8): Takenouchi Shikibu and others taught Confucianism and martial arts to the emperor in Kyoto.
- 1760 (Hōreki 10): Shogun Tokugawa Ieshige resigned and his son, Tokugawa Ieharu, became the 10th shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate.
- 1762 (Hōreki 12): Emperor Momozono abdicated; and the succession passed to his sister (senso). Soon after, Empress Go-Sakuramachi's role as monarch was confirmed by ceremonies (sokui).
- 31 August 1762 (Hōreki 12, 12th day of the 7th month): Former-Emperor Momozono died.
- 1763 (Hōreki 13): A merchant association handling Korean ginseng is founded in the Kanda district of Edo.
- 1764 (Hōreki 14): Sweet potatoes are exported from Edo to Korea. The food crop in Korea is the result of a diplomatic mission.
Hōreki Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.