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Meiwa facts for kids

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Meiwa (明和 ) was a Japanese era name (年号, , nengō,, lit. "year name") after Hōreki and before An'ei. This period started in June 1764 and ended in November 1772. During this time, the empress and emperor were Go-Sakuramachi-tennō (後桜町天皇 ) and Go-Momozono-tennō (後桃園天皇 ).

The nengō Meiwa means "Radiant Harmony".

Events of the Meiwa Era

Meiwa-nanryo-2shu
Coins minted during the Meiwa era
  • 1766 (Meiwa 3): A plan to remove the Shogun was not successful.
  • 1770 (Meiwa 7): A typhoon flattened the newly built Imperial Palace in Kyoto.
  • 1770 (Meiwa 7): A great comet (Lexell's Comet) with a very long tale lit up the night skies throughout the summer and autumn.
  • 1770 (Meiwa 7): This was the start of 15 years of drought in Japan.
  • 9 January 1771: Empress Go-Sakuramachi abdicated; ; and the succession passed to her nephew (senso). Soon after, Emperor Go-Momozono's role as monarch was confirmed by ceremonies (sokui).
  • 29 February 1772 (Meiwa 9, 26th day or the 1st month): "The Great Meiwa Fire" -- one of the three greatest Edo fire disasters.
  • 2 August 1772 (Meiwa 9, 4th day of the 6th month): A big storm in the Kantō with floods and lost crops.
  • 17 August 1772 (Meiwa 9, 19th day of the 6th month): A major storm destroys 4000 houses in Edo.

Related pages

Meiwa 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th
1764 1765 1766 1767 1768 1769 1770 1771 1772
Preceded by:
Hōreki
Era or nengō:
Meiwa
Succeeded by:
An'ei
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