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An'ei facts for kids

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An'ei (安永) was a Japanese era name (年号,, nengō,, lit. "year name") after Meiwa and before Tenmei. This period started in November 1772 and ended in March 1781. During this time, the emperors were Go-Momozono-tennō (後桃園天皇) and Kōkaku-tennō (光格天皇).

The nengō An'ei means "Eternal Tranquility" or "Peaceful and Long".

Events of the An'ei era

Hiroshige Ōsumi Sakurashima
The volcano of Sakurajima erupted in the 7th year of An'ei
  • 1774 (An'ei 3): Kaitai shinsho, the first complete Japanese translation of a Western medical work, is published by Sugita Gempaku and Maeno Ryotaku.
  • 1775 (An'ei 4): Epidemic diseases spread in the Japanese population and 190,000 died in Edo.
  • 1775 (An'ei 4): Carl Peter Thunberg arrived at Dutch East India Company outpost or "factory" in Nagasaki.
  • 1778 (An'ei 7): Flooding at Kyoto.
  • 1778 (An'ei 7): Volcanic island of Sakurajima erupted near Kagoshima and 16,000 were killed.
  • 12 June 1779 (An'ei 8, 28th day of the 4th month): Former-Emperor Go-Momozono died.
  • 1779 (An'ei 8): Isaac Titsingh arrived at Dejima.
  • 1780: After the death of Empress Go-Momozono, the succession (senso) passed to Emperor Kōkaku; and his role as monarch was confirmed by ceremonies (sokui).
  • 1780 (An'ei 9): Heavy rains and flooding in the Kantō.

Related pages

  • National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" – historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
  • National Archives of Japan: Hinozenshu sanbutsu zuko, scroll showing illustrated inventory of industries in Hizen, An'ei 2 (1773)
An'ei 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th
1772 1773 1774 1775 1776 1777 1778 1779 1780 1781
Preceded by:
Era or nengō:
Succeeded by:
Women's History Month on Kiddle
Women Scientists of Antiquity
Mary the Jewess
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