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List of fishes of Missouri facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts

Found in the table below are fish found in Missouri separated by the Family that they are in. The list is not complete as there are over 200 species of fish found in Missouri.

Common Name Scientific Name Picture Habitat Notes
Acipenseridae (family)
Lake sturgeon Acipenser fulvescens
Acipenser fulvescens GLERL
Bottom of lakes and big rivers over sand, gravel, or rock bottom Endangered
Amiidae (family)
Bowfin Amia calva
Amia calva 4
Sloughs, sluggish rivers to medium rivers with moderate flow
Anguillidae (family)
American eel Anguilla rostrate
Anguilla rostrata GLERL 1
Large rivers w/ moderate flow
Atherinidae (family)
Brook silverside Labidesthes sicculus
Brook silverside
Clear, warm waters without current, backwaters, overflow pools of large streams
Catostomidae (family)
River carpsucker Carpiodes carpio
River carpsucker fish carpoides carpio
Lakes, reservoirs, large sluggish rivers
Quillback Carpiodes cyprinus
Carpiodes cyprinus
Large to medium sized rivers with swift flow, lakes
Highfin carpsucker Carpiodes velifer Lakes, reservoirs, large sluggish rivers
White sucker Catostomus commersonii
FMIB 51346 White Sucker Catostomus commersonii
Rocky pools of small cool streams or big rivers, lakes
Blue sucker Cycleptus elongates
Blue Sucker
Deep channels of large rivers with swift flow ENDANGERED
Northern hogsucker Hypentelium nigricans
Hypentelium nigricans
Rocky riffles, flowing pools of cool small to medium streams
Bigmouth buffalo Ictiobus cyprinellus
Ictiobus cyprinellus
Streams, rivers, bayous, backwaters, lakes
Black buffalo Ictiobus niger
Ictiobus niger
Deep waters of medium to large-sized rivers, lakes
Smallmouth buffalo Ictiobus bubalus
FMIB 33324 Ictiobus Bubalus (Ravinesque)
Medium to large-sized rivers, lakes
Spotted sucker Minytrema melanops
FMIB 51348 Spotted Sucker Minytrema melanops
Large rivers, streams with deep pools, sloughs, backwaters
Silver redhorse Moxostoma anisurum
Moxostoma anisurum
Muddy to rocky bottom pools, small streams to big rivers
River redhorse Moxostoma carinatum Small streams, rivers with moderate current over gravel bottom
Black redhorse Moxostoma duquesnei
Black redhorse
Lakes, river pools with sand or rock bottom
Golden redhorse Moxostoma erythrurum
Moxostoma erythrurum
Clear pools of large rivers, moderate flowing small streams with sandy or gravel bottom
Shorthead redhorse Moxostoma macrolepidotum
Moxostoma macrolepidotum
Rocky pools and riffles, small streams, large rivers
Centrarchidae (family)
Shadow bass Ambloplites ariommus
Ambloplites ariommus
Cool clear streams with moderate flow, logs, roots of live trees
Ozark bass Ambloplites constellatus
Ambloplites constellatus FWS 20925
Cool clear streams with moderate flow, logs, roots of live trees
Rock bass Ambloplites rupestris
Rock Bass
Cool clear streams with moderate flow, logs, roots of live trees
Flier Centrarchus macropterus
Centrarchus macropterus
Sluggish streams, ditches, wetlands with heavy vegetation
Green sunfish Lepomis cyanellus
Lepomis cyanellus Gratwicke
Clear to muddy water, small streams and big rivers, lakes, reservoirs
Warmouth Lepomis gulosus
Warmouth (Lepomis gulosus) from Kickapoo State Park, east-central Illinois
Sluggish streams, ponds, lakes, wetlands with vegetation, flooded trees
Orangespotted sunfish Lepomis humilis
Sluggish, slow flowing rivers and streams with muddy bottom
Bluegill Lepomis macrochirus
Lepomis macrochirus
Pools in warm, clear streams with moderate flow, ditches, ponds, lakes
Dollar sunfish Lepomis marginatus
Lepomis marginatus
Sluggish streams, backwaters, bayous
Longear sunfish Lepomis megalotis
Lepomis megalotis UMFS 2015
Slow pools in moderate flowing small to large streams with rocky bottoms, lakes
Redear sunfish Lepomis microlophus
Redear sunfish FWS 1
Pools in slow moving warm streams, ponds, lakes with vegetation
Redspotted sunfish Lepomis miniatus
Redspotted Sunfish - Lepomis miniatus (2352520241)
Small to moderate flowing streams with slow current, oxbows, swamps
Smallmouth bass Micropterus dolomieu
Smallmouth bass
Cool, clear, rocky streams with moderate flow, deep reservoirs
Spotted bass Micropterus punctulatus
Warm creeks and rivers with pools, deep reservoirs
Largemouth bass Micropterus salmoides
Largemouth bass 2006
Slow moving streams, farm ponds, lakes, reservoirs
White crappie Pomoxis annularis
FMIB 41910 Crappie (Pomoxis annularis)
Lakes, reservoirs, large ponds, moderate streams
Black crappie Pomoxis nigromaculatus
Black crappie fish
Lakes, reservoirs, large ponds, clear streams
Clupeidae (family)
Gizzard shad Dorosoma cepedianum
Dorosoma cepedianum GLERL
Quiet water habitats, lowland lakes, pounds, pools, backwaters of streams and rivers
Cottidae (family)
Banded sculpin Cottus carolinae
Banded sculpin
Quiet water habitats, lowland lakes, pounds, pools, backwaters of streams and rivers
Grotto sculpin Cottus specus Found in 5 caves and one stream in Perry County ENDANGERED
Cyprinidae (family)
Central stoneroller Campostoma pullum Small to medium sized streams with moderate to high gradients and rocky or bedrock substrates in or near riffles
Common carp Cyprinus carpio
Common carp
Lakes, reservoirs, ponds, ditches, rivers, creeks INVASIVE
Grass carp Clenopharyngodon idella
Ctenopharyngodon idella 01 Pengo
Large rivers, streams, ponds, lakes INVASIVE
Cypress minnow Hybognathus hayi Backwaters of large, sluggish rivers, oxbow ENDANGERED
Silver carp Hypophthalmichthys molitrix
Hypophthalmichthys molitrix adult
Large rivers and lakes INVASIVE
Bighead carp Hypophthalmichthys nobilis
Bighead carp
Large Rivers and lakes INVASIVE
Common shiner Luxilus cornutus Small, moderately clear streams, gravel and rubble bottoms, bedrock pools
Duskystripe shiner Luxilus pilsbryi Stream pools with clean gravel bottoms
Bleeding shiner Luxilus zonatus Midwaters, small creeks, large rivers, clean, gravelly or rocky bottoms, near riffles or in pools
Black carp Mylopharyngodon piceus
Mylopharyngodon piceus
Lakes, rivers, streams – escaped from a fish farm during a high water event INVASIVE
Hornyhead chub Nocomis biguttatus
Horned Chub
Clear streams with permanent flow and clean gravel
Golden shiner Notemigonus crysoleucas
Golden shiner fish notemigonus crysoleucas
Sloughs, ponds, lakes, quiet pools of streams
Fathead minnow Pimephales promelas
Pimephales promelas
Mid water or near bottom, streams, pools
Flathead chub Platygobio gracilis Big rivers, bottom composed of sand and fine gravel ENDANGERED
Creek chub Semotilus atromaculatus
Creek Chub, Semotilus atromaculatus
Pools in headwater streams, large rivers with rocky bottom
Esocidae (family)
Grass pickerel Esox americanus vermiculatus
Esox americanus UMFS 2014
Small headwater streams
Northern pike Esox lucius
Northern Pike at Umwelt Garten
Lakes, reservoirs, rivers, streams with vegetation
Muskellunge Esox masquinongy
Muskellunge USFWS
Clear waters of weedy lakes and medium rivers
Chain pickerel Esox niger
Lakes, reservoirs, rivers, streams with vegetation
Fundulidae (family)
Blackspotted topminnow Fundulus olivaceus
Fundulus olivaceus UMFS 2014 2
Large lowland rivers, pools of streams
Blackstripe topminnow Fundulus notatus Large lowland rivers, pools of streams
Hiodontidae (family)
Goldeye Hiodon alosoides Large rivers, backwaters, lake
Ictaluridae (family)
Black bullhead Ameiurus melas
Black bullhead fish
Slow flowing streams, oxbows, backwaters with mud bottom
Brown bullhead Ameiurus nebulosus
Ictalurus nebulosus GLERL 1
Oxbows, backwaters with mud bottom, slow flowing streams
Yellow bullhead Ameiurus natalis
Yellow bullhead fish ameiurus natalis
Slow flowing streams, backwaters, vegetated ponds, lakes
White bullhead Ameiurus catus
Ameiurus catus
Clear streams, dam tail waters
Blue catfish Ictalurus furcatus
Blue catfish
Rivers and large creeks with fast water over sandy or rocky bottoms
Channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus
Ponds, lakes, moderate-flowing rivers and creeks with sandy or gravel bottoms
Mountain madtom Noturus eleutherus Large, moderately clear rivers ENDANGERED
Stonecat Noturus flavus
Noturus flavus
Clear, gravel-bottom streams
Neosho madtom Noturus placidus
Noturus placidus (Neosho madtom) FWS
Medium to large stream, clear waters ENDANGERED
Flathead catfish Pylodictis olivaris
Flathead catfish
Large rivers and creeks with flow near logs, roots, rocks, and debris
Lepisosteidae (family)
Alligator gar Atractosteus spatula
Alligator Gar 01
Large slow flowing rivers, lakes, bayous, reservoirs
Shortnose gar Lepisosteus platostomus
Shortnose Gar (Lepisosteus platostomus)
Muddy rivers, oxbows, backwaters, lakes
Longnose gar Lepisosteus osseus
Longnose gar
Bayous, backwaters, oxbows, large creeks, rivers, lakes
Moronidae (family)
Hybrid striped bass Morone chrysops x Morone saxatilis
Large streams with moderate flow, sandy or rocky bottom, reservoirs
White bass Morone chrysops
Morone chrysops
Large streams with moderate flow, sandy or rocky bottom, reservoirs
Striped bass Morone saxatilis
Morone saxatilis
Large deep reservoirs
Percidae (family)
Crystal darter Crystallaria asprella
FMIB 51989 Crystal Darter, Crystallaria asprella (Jordan) Wabash River
Open channels of large, clear streams ENDANGERED
Greenside darter Etheostoma blennioides
Etheostoma blennioides
Swift to moderate current streams and rivers
Arkansas darter Etheostoma cragini Shallow, spring branches and spring-fed creeks with sandy bottoms – found in Spring River system of the southwestern Ozarks
Harlequin darter Etheostoma histrio
Harlequin darter (Etheostoma histrio)
Streams and ditches, prefers sandy bottoms where logs, sticks, and other organic debris are present ENDANGERED
Johnny darter Etheostoma nigrum
FMIB 51449 Johnny Darter Boleosoma nigrum
Pools, slow moving riffles in sandy streams
Goldstripe darter Etheostoma parvipinne Small, shallow, spring fed streams, with low to moderate gradient ENDANGERED
Logperch Percina caprodes
Percina caprodes
Deep riffles and silt free pools, small to medium sized rivers
Sauger Sander canadensis
Turbid water in streams and rivers with moderate or fast flow, large lakes, reservoirs
Walleye Sander vitreus
Walleye Fishing (8423020401)
Deep water of large streams, lakes, reservoirs with sandy or rocky bottom
Petromyzontidae (family)
Chestnut lamprey Ichthyomyzon castaneus Large streams and small rivers, large reservoirs
Polyodontidae (family)
Paddlefish Polyodon spathula
Paddlefish Polyodon spathula
Channels in large rivers to medium rivers with moderate flow
Sciaenidae (family)
Freshwater drum Aplodinotus grunniens
FMIB 50985 Fresh-Water Drum or Gaspergou
Medium to large rivers, lakes, reservoirs with deep water
Salmonidae (family)
Rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss
Rainbow Trout
Large rivers to small streams, lakes, below dams
Brown trout Salmo trutta
Brown trout Salmo trutta
Lakes, small streams, large rivers
Umbridae (family)
Central mudminnow Umbra limi
FMIB 35951 Mud Minnow (Umbra limi)
Bogs, sloughs, swamps, sluggish streams ENDANGERED
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List of fishes of Missouri Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.