Northbrook, Illinois facts for kids

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Northbrook, Illinois
Village
NorthbrookWelcomeSign.jpg
Location in Cook County and the state of Illinois.
Location in Cook County and the state of Illinois.
Location of Illinois in the United States
Location of Illinois in the United States
Country United States
State Illinois
County Cook
Township Northfield
Incorporated 1901
Area
 • Total 13.26 sq mi (34.3 km2)
 • Land 13.19 sq mi (34.2 km2)
 • Water 0.06 sq mi (0.2 km2)  0.45%
Population (2010)
 • Total 33,170
 • Density 2,514.8/sq mi (971.0/km2)
  Down 0.8% from 2000
Standard of living (2009-11)
 • Per capita income $51,719
 • Median home value $519,000
ZIP code(s) 60062, 60065
Area code(s) 847 & 224
Geocode 53481
Website www.northbrook.il.us
Demographics (2010)
White Black Asian
86.1% 0.6% 11.7%
Islander Native Other Hispanic
(any race)
0.01% 0.04% 1.6% 2.5%

Northbrook is an affluent village on Chicago's North Shore, located at the northern edge of Cook County, Illinois, United States.

When incorporated in 1901, the village was known as Shermerville in honor of Frederick Schermer, who donated the land for its first train station. The village changed its name to Northbrook in 1923 as an effort to improve its public image. The name was chosen because the West Fork of the North Branch of the Chicago River runs through the Village.

Glenbrook North High School, founded in 1953 as Glenbrook High School, is located in Northbrook. The village is also home to the Northbrook Park District, founded in 1927, Northbrook Court shopping mall, the Ed Rudolph Velodrome, the Chicago Curling Club, and the Northbrook Public Library.

History

Members of the Potawatomi tribe were the earliest recorded residents of the Northbrook area. In 1833 the Potawatomi ceded their Illinois lands and moved to a place near Council Bluffs, Iowa. Afterwards Joel Sterling Sherman and his family bought 159 acres (64 ha) of land in the northwest quarter of Section 10 for $1.25 per acre; as of 2010 Northbrook's downtown is located on this site. A man named Frederick Schermer donated the land used for the first railroad station, named Schermer Station and later Shermer Station; the community was named Shermerville after him. By the 1870s Shermerville was a farming community. In 1901 the community was incorporated as the Village of Shermerville after a close referendum for incorporation. At the time of incorporation it had 311 residents and 60 houses. In these early years, Shermerville became notorious for rowdy gatherings at its five saloons; by 1921, therefore, residents believed that the name "Shermerville" had a negative reputation and sought to change it. A renaming contest was held, and a man named Edward Landwehr submitted the name "Northbrook". In 1923 "Northbrook", the winner, was adopted; at the time Northbrook had 500 residents. After the end of World War II, Northbrook's population began to rapidly increase. Between 1950 and 1980, the town's population rose from 3,319 to 30,735.

Geography

Northbrook is located at 42°7′45″N 87°50′27″W / 42.12917°N 87.84083°W / 42.12917; -87.84083 (42.129226, −87.840715).

According to the 2010 census, Northbrook has a total area of 13.255 square miles (34.33 km2), of which 13.19 square miles (34.16 km2) (or 99.51%) is land and 0.065 square miles (0.17 km2) (or 0.49%) is water.

Climate data for Northbrook, Illinois
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 30
(-1.1)
35
(1.7)
45
(7.2)
56
(13.3)
67
(19.4)
78
(25.6)
83
(28.3)
81
(27.2)
75
(23.9)
63
(17.2)
49
(9.4)
36
(2.2)
58.2
(14.54)
Average low °F (°C) 14
(-10)
18
(-7.8)
28
(-2.2)
37
(2.8)
47
(8.3)
56
(13.3)
63
(17.2)
62
(16.7)
54
(12.2)
42
(5.6)
32
(0)
20
(-6.7)
39.4
(4.12)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.89
(48)
1.56
(39.6)
2.50
(63.5)
3.70
(94)
3.59
(91.2)
3.86
(98)
3.50
(88.9)
4.84
(122.9)
3.24
(82.3)
2.70
(68.6)
3.22
(81.8)
2.20
(55.9)
36.8
(934.7)
Source: Weather.com

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 441
1920 554 25.6%
1930 1,193 115.3%
1940 1,265 6.0%
1950 3,348 164.7%
1960 11,635 247.5%
1970 25,422 118.5%
1980 30,778 21.1%
1990 32,308 5.0%
2000 33,435 3.5%
2010 33,170 −0.8%
Est. 2015 33,663 1.5%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2010, there were 33,170 people, 12,642 households, and 9,522 families residing in the village. The population density was 2,514.8 people per square mile (971.0/km²). There were 13,434 housing units at an average density of 1,018.5 per square mile (392.8/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 86.1% White, 0.6% African American, 0.04% Native American, 11.7% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.4% some other race, and 1.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.5% of the population.

There were 12,642 households, out of which 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.3% were headed by married couples living together, 6.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.7% were non-families. 22.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.6% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57, and the average family size was 3.03.

In the village, the population was spread out with 23.5% under the age of 18, 4.9% from 18 to 24, 17.0% from 25 to 44, 32.2% from 45 to 64, and 22.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48.0 years. For every 100 females there were 91.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.0 males.

For the period 2009–11, the estimated median annual income for a household in the village was $103,053, and the median income for a family was $124,916. Male full-time workers had a median income of $97,459 versus $54,970 for females. The per capita income for the village was $51,719. About 4.1% of families and 4.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.6% of those under age 18 and 6.0% of those age 65 or over.

Parks and recreation

The Northbrook Park District, headquartered in Northbrook, operates recreational facilities. The 17.25-square-mile (44.7 km2) park district, formed in June 1927, serves all of Northbrook and some unincorporated areas within Cook County. The park district lies within the townships of Northfield and Wheeling.

Transportation

Northbrook is connected to downtown Chicago by Metra's Milwaukee District/North Line, which has two stations: one at Shermer Road and another at Lake Cook Road. Pace buses also serves Northbrook.

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