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Piano concerto facts for kids

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Concerto on stage
Performance of a piano concerto involves a piano on stage with the orchestra

A piano concerto is a concerto written for piano and orchestra.



A classical piano concerto is often in three movements.

  1. A quick opening movement in sonata form including a cadenza (which may be improvised by the soloist).
  2. A slow, free expressive movement
  3. A faster rondo

Examples by Mozart and Beethoven follow this model, but there are many others which do not. Beethoven's fourth piano concerto includes a last-movement cadenza, and many composers have made innovations – for example Liszt's single-movement concerti.

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