kids encyclopedia robot

Pimelea pauciflora facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Poison rice-flower
Pimelea pauciflora flowers.jpg
Scientific classification
Genus:
Pimelea
Species:
pauciflora

Pimelea pauciflora, commonly known as poison rice-flower, is a species of shrub in the family Thymelaeaceae. It has small yellow-lime flowers, green, smooth fleshy leaves and is endemic to Eastern Australia.

Description

Pimelea pauciflora is a small shrub 1–3 m (3 ft 3 in–9 ft 10 in) high with smooth, long, reddish stems. The leaves are arranged opposite along the branches, glossy green, smooth, narrow-linear or linear lance shaped, 4–25 mm (0.16–0.98 in) long, 1–4 mm (0.039–0.157 in) wide on a short stem. The inflorescence consists of 3-9 yellowish-green flowers mostly at the end of branches in small clusters. The flowers are unisexual, smooth, male flowers 1–3 mm (0.039–0.118 in) long, female about 3 mm (0.12 in) long. The leaf-like overlapping flower bracts, usually 2, egg-shaped to narrow elliptic, 3–11 mm (0.12–0.43 in) long, 2–5 mm (0.079–0.197 in) wide, smooth and green. The fruit are a succulent red berry, about 4 mm (0.16 in) wide and as the fruit develop the sepals and petals fall off. Flowering occurs from September to November.

Taxonomy and naming

Pimelea pauciflora was first formally described in 1810 by Robert Brown and the description was published in Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae et Insulae Van Diemen. The specific epithet (pauciflora) is from the Latin pauci- meaning "few" and -florus meaning "flowered".

Distribution and habitat

Poison rice-flower is found growing in open scrubland, forests, sometimes in dense thickets at higher altitudes south from Queanbeyan in New South Wales. In Victoria it grows near mountain streams in a few scattered locations.

kids search engine
Pimelea pauciflora Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.