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Queen's Gambit facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts

The Queen's Gambit is a chess opening which starts with 1.d4 d5 2.c4. It is not really a gambit, because the pawn taken cannot be held. For example (simplest line):

1.d4 d5
2.c4 dxc4
3.e3 b5
4.a4 c6
5.axb5 cxb5
6.Qf3 and wins.
  • 2...dxc4 is the Queen's Gambit Accepted. 5085 games in database.
  • 2...e6 is the Queen's Gambit Declined. 14,635 games.
  • 2...c6 is the Slav defence. 17,801 games.
  • 2...Nc6 is Chigorin's defence. 836 games.

Queen's Gambit Accepted

Start of chess board.
a8 black rook b8 __ c8 __ d8 __ e8 black king f8 black bishop g8 __ h8 black rook
a7 __ b7 black bishop c7 black queen d7 black knight e7 __ f7 black pawn g7 black pawn h7 black pawn
a6 black pawn b6 __ c6 __ d6 __ e6 black pawn f6 black knight g6 __ h6 __
a5 __ b5 black pawn c5 black pawn d5 __ e5 __ f5 __ g5 __ h5 __
a4 __ b4 __ c4 __ d4 white pawn e4 __ f4 __ g4 __ h4 __
a3 __ b3 white bishop c3 white knight d3 __ e3 white pawn f3 white knight g3 __ h3 __
a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 __ d2 __ e2 white queen f2 white pawn g2 white pawn h2 white pawn
a1 white rook b1 __ c1 white bishop d1 white rook e1 __ f1 __ g1 white king h1 __
End of chess board.
position after 10...Qc7

Since the pawn can't be kept, Black (by taking the c-pawn) has given up the centre. The standard strategy then is for Black to mount a counter-attack on the White centre.

1.d4 d5
2.c4 dxc4
3.Nf3 Nf6
4.e3 e6
5.Bxc4 c5
6.0-0 a6
7.Qe2 b5
8.Bb3 Bb7
9.Rd1 Nbd7
10.Nc3 Qc7/Qb8/Qb6 (alternates)

Now the white centre is balanced by the black counter-attack.

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