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Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals facts for kids

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Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals
Location Southwater, West Sussex, England
Key people Chris Sherwood (CEO, August 2018 – present)

The Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA) is a charity operating in England and Wales that promotes animal welfare. In 2017, the RSPCA investigated 141,760 cruelty complaints and secured 1,492 convictions. The charity also rescued and collected 114,584 animals, carried out 222,664 microchippings and rehomed 44,611 animals. Founded in 1824, it is the oldest and largest animal welfare organisation in the world and is one of the largest charities in the UK. The organisation also does international outreach work across Europe, Africa and Asia.

The charity's work has inspired the creation of similar groups in other jurisdictions, starting with the Ulster Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (founded in 1836), and including the Scottish Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (1839), the Dublin Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (1840), the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (1866), the Royal New Zealand Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (1882), and various groups which eventually came together as the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Australia (1981), the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Hong Kong) (1997) — formerly known as the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Hong Kong) (1903–1997).

The RSPCA is funded primarily by voluntary donations. In 2017, RSPCA total income was £140,900,000 and total expenditure was £129,400,000. Its patron is Queen Elizabeth II.

History

The group began as the SPCA in 1824. Since then, it has inspired the creation of similar, but independent organisations in other regions:

  • Ulster Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals in Northern Ireland
  • Scottish Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals in Scotland
  • Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Australia) in Australia
  • Royal New Zealand Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals in New Zealand
  • American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals in the United States

Not only that, there are also many other countries who have participated in this effort to prevent cruelty not only against domestic pets but also to other almost extict or endangered wildlife.

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