Ruy Lopez facts for kids

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The Ruy Lopez
Start of chess board.
a8 black rook c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king f8 black bishop g8 black knight h8 black rook
a7 black pawn b7 black pawn c7 black pawn d7 black pawn f7 black pawn g7 black pawn h7 black pawn
c6 black knight
b5 white bishop e5 black pawn
e4 white pawn
f3 white knight
a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 white pawn d2 white pawn f2 white pawn g2 white pawn h2 white pawn
a1 white rook b1 white knight c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 white king h1 white rook
End of chess board.
position after 3.Bb5

The Ruy Lopez, also called the Spanish Opening, is an ancient chess opening. It is named after the Spanish clerk Ruy Lopez who invented the method. These are the opening moves:

  • 1. e4 e5
  • 2. Nf3 Nc6
  • 3. Bb5

The Ruy Lopez is one of the most common and well liked openings, with many ways to play it. It has always been popular in master chess. Something to know about it is that it does not threaten the black e5 pawn:

  • 3.... a6
  • 4.Bxc6 dxc6
  • 5.Nxe5 Qd4 recovers the pawn.

For this reason White usually plays a longer-term strategy, starting

  • 3.... a6
  • 4.Ba4
  • ECO code: C60–C99. ECO is the Encyclopaedia of chess openings.

Ruy Lopez Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.