Scheduled monuments in Amber Valley facts for kids
In the United Kingdom, a scheduled monument is a "nationally important" archaeological site or historic building that has been given protection against unauthorised change by being placed on a list (or "schedule") by the Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport; English Heritage takes the leading role in identifying such sites. Scheduled monuments are defined in the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 and the National Heritage Act 1983. There are about 20,000 scheduled monument entries on the list, which is maintained by English Heritage; more than one site can be included in a single entry.
While a scheduled monument can also be recognised as a listed building, English Heritage considers listed building status as a better way of protecting buildings than scheduled monument status. If a monument is considered by English Heritage to "no longer merit scheduling" it can be descheduled.
Derbyshire has over 500 scheduled monuments including many stone cairns, stone circles, barrow burial mounds, lead mining relics, ancient settlements, and over 20 bridges.
|Name and reference
|Also a Grade II listed building. Built in the early 16th century by the Lord of the Manor, Thomas Lowe. In c. 1850 church services moved from St Margaret's Chapel to the newly built All Saints' Church.
|Aqueduct (Cromford Canal over Derby to Matlock railway)
|Dethick, Lea and Holloway
|328m south-east of Aqueduct Cottage
|Butterley Works blast furnace complex
|Butterley near Ripley
|The blast furnaces, canal tunnel and underground wharf date back to the 1790s.
|Castle Hill camp
|A ruined 13th-century castle.
|Also a Grade II listed building.
|Fritchley Tunnel, Butterley Gangroad
|Fritchley Tunnel is a disused railway tunnel, which is believed to be the oldest surviving example in the world. The tunnel was constructed in 1793 by Benjamin Outram as part of the Butterley Gangroad.
|Horsley Castle tower keep castle
|Mackworth medieval settlement including the castle gatehouse, part of the medieval open field system and a pinfold
|Mackworth Castle was a 14th- or 15th-century structure in Mackworth village near Derby. It was the home of the Mackworth family for several centuries. The gatehouse is a Grade I listed building.
|Moated site in Mapperley Park Wood
|Moated site north of Dannah Farm
|Shottle and Postern
|Morley Park Works
|Mugginton medieval settlement
|Includes part of an open field system.
|Park Hall moated site, well and enclosure
|Section of Roman road, Kirk Langley
|North-east of Moor Lane, Kirk Langley
|Section of Rykneld Street Roman road
|South of Ticknall Hill
|Twelfth century tower keep castle
|Includes sites of 11th-century motte and bailey castle, an Anglian cemetery and a Romano-British settlement
|Windley Moated Manorial Complex
|Farnah Hall, Windley
|Wingfield Manor: a medieval great house
|Construction of Wingfield Manor began in 1441 (for Treasurer to Henry VI, Sir Ralph Cromwell) but has been left deserted since the 1770s. Also a Grade I listed building.
Scheduled monuments in Amber Valley Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.