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Shuchō facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts

Shuchō (朱鳥), also romanized as Suchō or Akamitori, was a Japanese era name (年号,, nengō,, lit. "year name") which lsated only a few months—from June through September 686. The reigning monarchs were Temmu-tennō (天武天皇) and Jitō-tennō (持統天皇).


  • In 686, Shuchō gannen (朱鳥元年) was created by Emperor Temmu, but the nengō survived for only a few months after Temmu's death. The era ended when Empress Jitō was confirmed as Temmu's successor.


Timelines of early Japanese nengō and Imperial reign dates
Emperor MommuEmpress JitōEmperor TemmuEmperor KōbunEmperor TenjiEmpress SaimeiEmperor KōtokuKeiunTaihō (era)ShuchōHakuchi (era)Taika (era)Empress GemmeiEmpress Kōgyoku

The system of Japanese era names was not the same as Imperial reign dates.

Events of the Shuchō era

  • 686 (Shuchō 1, 9th day of the 9th month): Emperor Temmu died.
  • 686 (Shuchō 1): Ōtsu no Ōji, also known as Ōtsu no shinnō, tried and failed to make himself emperor after Temmu's death.
  • 686: The succession (senso) was received by Mommu's widow. Soon after, Empress Jitō's role as monarch was confirmed in ceremonies (sokui).

Related pages

  • National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
Shuchō 1st
Gregorian 686
Preceded by:
Era or nengō:
Succeeded by:
Preceded by:
Kōbun period
Imperial reign:
Temmu period
Succeeded by:
Jitō period
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