Side-by-side comparison of FT synthetic fuel and conventional fuel. The synthetic fuel is clear as water because of a near-absence of sulfur and aromatics.
A synthetic fuel (or synfuel) is a fuel in liquid or gas form that can be manufactured from coal or in the form of oil extracted from shale or tar sands. It can also be made from non-food crops. Tar sands are a combination of sand and a thick oil called bitumen. This, along with oil shale, which is a layer of rock riddled with hydrocarbons in the form of kerogen, can be heated with steam to remove the crude oil in the two substances. Like oil, it must be refined before being put to use.
Images for kids
Ruins of the German synthetic petrol plant (Hydrierwerke Pölitz – Aktiengesellschaft) in Police, Poland
This is a listing of many of the different technologies used in 2009 for synthetic fuel production. Please note that although this list was compiled for coal to liquids technologies, many of the same processes can also be used with biomass or natural gas feedstocks.
Lifecycle carbon emissions profiles of various fuels, including many synthetic fuels. Coal and biomass co-conversion to transportation fuels, Michael E. Reed, DOE NETL Office of Fossil Energy, Oct 17 2007
Using Fischer Tropsch diesel results in dramatic across the board tailpipe emissions reductions relative to conventional fuels
Using Fischer Tropsch jet fuels have been proven to dramatically reduce particulate and other aircraft emissions
In Spanish: Combustible sintético para niños