kids encyclopedia robot

Timoleón Jiménez facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Timoleón Jiménez
Timochenko-GoraHerria.jpg
President of Commons
Assumed office
1 September 2017
Preceded by Position established
Commander-in-Chief of FARC-EP
Assumed office
November 2011
Preceded by Alfonso Cano
Personal details
Born
Rodrigo Londoño Echeverri

22 January 1959 (1959-01-22) (age 62)
Calarcá, Quindío, Colombia
Political party Commons
Military service
Nickname(s)
  • Timoleón Jiménez,
  • Timochenko
Allegiance Flag of the FARC-EP.svg FARC-EP
Years of service 1982–present
Rank Supreme Leader
Commands Middle Magdalena Bloc
Battles/wars Colombian conflict
  • Catatumbo campaign

Rodrigo Londoño Echeverri (born 22 January 1959), most known under the nom de guerre Timoleón Jiménez and the nickname Timochenko or Timochenco, is a Colombian politician and military officer. He is best known as the supreme leader of the rebel group Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (Spanish: Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia, FARC) and the current president of Commons (Spanish: Comunes), the political successor of FARC.

Early life

Echeverri was born in 1959 shortly after the Cuban Revolution in Calarcá, Quindío, Colombia, near the birthplace of Pedro Antonio Marín, a founder of FARC-EP. His family were supporters of communism.

After finishing high school, Echeverri joined the Young Communists League. He studied at medicine and cardiology Patrice Lumumba University in Moscow. He completed his studies in Cuba. He later traveled to Yugoslavia for military training.

FARC-EP

Rodrigo Londoño Echeverri
Echeverri during his time in FARC-EP

Upon his return to Colombia, those who knew him said he had become decidedly more radical. Echeverri joined the FARC-EP in 1982 after being introduced to the rebel group by Miller Chacon.

Supreme leader

Echeverri took over the FARC-EP leadership in November 2011 from Alfonso Cano after the leader was killed by the Colombian army.

With more than 30 years of guerilla war experience and a reputation of being a ruthless military commander he "has widespread respect among the rank-and-file, particularly the hardliners that form the core of the rural fighters". According to the Colombian Air Force his alias is referring to Soviet Marshal Semyon Timoshenko. Before assuming the leadership of the guerrilla group, Echeverri was one of the commanders of the Middle Magdalena Bloc of the FARC-EP and was thought to have some 800 men under his command.

Peace process

According to Foreign Policy, "[Echeverri] was instrumental in keeping the FARC from abandoning" the Colombian peace process, announcing in November 2012 the beginning of dialogue with the Colombian government.

During this time, Echeverri experienced health issues. In 2015, Jiménez suffered a heart attack. In November 2016, the Colombian government and FARC-EP reached a deal, with the FARC-EP transitioning from guerilla status to a political party.

Political career

Party foundation

In the morning of 2 July 2017, he checked himself into a hospital in Villavicencio after feeling exhaustion and numbness in his arm. Doctors said that he was in intensive care and there was a temporary blockage of blood to his brain.

Between 28 and 31 August 2017, a month after being hospitalized for a cerebral embolism, Echeverri led the founding congress of the Common Alternative Revolutionary Force (FARC) party at the Bogota Convention Centre with the participation of one thousand delegates. In a speech on 1 September 2017, party leader Timochenko proposed a transitional government for the 2018–2022 term. On 31 October 2017, FARC was named a legal political party in Colombia.

2018 Colombian presidential election

On 1 November 2017, twenty-four hours after FARC was made a legal political party, Echeverri launched a presidential bid for the 2018 Colombian presidential election. During this time, he had the lowest polling figures among the Colombian public. In March 2018, he was hospitalized for acute coronary syndrome, underwent heart surgery and subsequently ended his presidential campaign.

kids search engine
Timoleón Jiménez Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.