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Trichosanthes pilosa facts for kids

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Japanese snake gourd
Japanese snake gourd (Trichosanthes ovigera) hanging from the plant.jpg
Scientific classification
Genus:
Trichosanthes
Species:
pilosa
Synonyms
  • Anguina cucumeroides (Ser.) Kuntze
  • Anguina dicoelosperma (C.B.Clarke) Kuntze
  • Anguina hearnii (F.Muell. ex Benth.) Kuntze
  • Anguina himalensis (C.B.Clarke) Kuntze
  • Anguina horsfieldii (Miq.) Kuntze
  • Anguina ovigera (Blume) Kuntze
  • Anguina pilosa (Lour.) Kuntze
  • Bryonia cucumeroides Ser.
  • Platygonia himalensis Naudin ex C.B.Clarke
  • Platygonia kaempferi Naudin
  • Trichosanthes ascendens C.Y.Cheng & C.H.Yueh
  • Trichosanthes boninensis Nakai
  • Trichosanthes cavaleriei H.Lév.
  • Trichosanthes chinensis Ser.
  • Trichosanthes chingiana Hand.-Mazz.
  • Trichosanthes cucumeroides (Ser.) Maxim. ex Franch. & Sav.
  • Trichosanthes cucumeroides var. cavaleriei (H.Lév.) W.J.Chang
  • Trichosanthes cucumeroides var. dicoelosperma (C.B. Clarke) S.K. Chen
  • Trichosanthes cucumeroides var. formosana (Hayata) Kitam.
  • Trichosanthes cucumeroides var. hainanensis (Hayata) S.K.Chen
  • Trichosanthes cucumeroides var. stenocarpa Honda
  • Trichosanthes dicoelosperma C.B.Clarke
  • Trichosanthes formosana Hayata
  • Trichosanthes hainanensis Hayata
  • Trichosanthes hearnii F.Muell. ex Benth.
  • Trichosanthes himalensis C.B.Clarke
  • Trichosanthes himalensis var. indivisa Chakrav.
  • Trichosanthes holtzei F.Muell.
  • Trichosanthes horsfieldii Miq.
  • Trichosanthes mafuluensis Merr. & L.M.Perry
  • Trichosanthes matsudae Hayata
  • Trichosanthes okamotoi Kitam.
  • Trichosanthes ovigera Blume
  • Trichosanthes ovigera var. sikkimensis Kundu
  • Trichosanthes pierrei Gagnep.
  • Trichosanthes rostrata Kitam.
  • Trichosanthes trichocarpa C.Y.Wu
  • Trichosanthes vanoverberghii Merr.

Trichosanthes pilosa is a tropical or semitropical vine bearing an edible fruit. It is native to Japan, Taiwan, India, Malaysia, Vietnam, the Philippines, China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Xizang (Tibet), Zhejiang) and other parts of southeast Asia as well as in Australia. It is known in English as Japanese snake gourd.

The Japanese snake gourd (T. pilosa), is very similar in its vegetative characters to the more widespread "snake gourd", Trichosanthes cucumerina, the flower and leaves of the two species are very similar but the fruit of T. pilosa are round to egg-shaped, about 7 cm long and not resembling a snake.

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