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Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries: 12th century13th century14th century
Decades: 1230s  1240s  1250s  – 1260s –  1270s  1280s  1290s
Years: 1259 1260 126112621263 1264 1265


  • King Mindaugas of Lithuania renounces Christianity, returning to his pagan roots and reverting to Grand Duke of Lithuania.
  • The Icelandic Commonwealth enters into a treaty establishing a union with Norway and acknowledges Norwegian King Haakon IV as its ruler.
  • Strasbourg becomes an Imperial Free City of the Holy Roman Empire.
  • King Henry III of England obtains a papal bull releasing him from the Provisions of Oxford, preceding the Second Barons' War, a civil war started in 1263.
  • King Mengrai of the Lannathai kingdom in present-day Thailand founds the city of Chiang Rai as the kingdom's first capital.
  • Adam de la Halle writes the first operetta, "Le Jeu de la Feuillee".
  • Richard of Chichester is canonized as a saint; he is best known for writing the prayer later adapted into the song Day by Day in the musical Godspell.


  • July 2 – Arthur II, Duke of Brittany (died 1312)
  • Ladislaus IV of Hungary (died 1290)
  • Hugh le Despenser, 1st Earl of Winchester (died 1326)


  • July 15 – Richard de Clare, 6th Earl of Hertford, English soldier (born 1222)
  • Aegidius of Assisi, companion of Saint Francis of Assisi
  • Shinran Shonin, Japanese founder of the Jodo Shinshu branch of Pure Land Buddhism
  • Matilda II of Boulogne, Queen of Portugal, spouse of King Afonso III of Portugal (born 1202)
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1262 Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.