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1 Hanover Square facts for kids

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New York Cotton Exchange
1 Hanover Square 001.JPG
1 Hanover Square, also known as India House
Location Hanover Square, Manhattan
Area less than one acre
Built 1851-1853
Architect Richard F. Carman
Architectural style Renaissance
NRHP reference No. 72001586
Quick facts for kids
Significant dates
Added to NRHP January 7, 1972
Designated NHL December 22, 1977

1 Hanover Square, formerly known as the India House, is on the southern edge of Hanover Square in Lower Manhattan, New York City. Built in 1851, it was the site of the nation's first commodity futures exchange, the New York Cotton Exchange. In recognition of that function, it was designated a New York City Landmark in 1965 and a National Historic Landmark in 1977.

Description and history

1 Hanover Square is located on the west side of the eponymous square in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan. It is a three-story masonry structure, built out of brownstone in the Italian Renaissance style. The main facade is eight bays wide, with the main entrance occupying two bays at the center. Windows on the ground floor are tall, and set in openings flanked by paneled pilasters and topped by pedimented segmental arches. Second-floor windows are smaller, set beneath gabled pediments, and third floor windows are smaller still, with simpler surrounds. The building is crowned by a modillioned cornice.

The structure was constructed as a commercial investment by the builder, developer and merchant Richard F. Carman in 1851-1853. It was the headquarters of the Hanover Bank. In 1870, the New York Cotton Exchange was founded here, the second such exchange in the world and the first exchange in the United States to deal in commodity futures (contracts specifying the delivery at a future date of a particular commodity).

The building served as the headquarters of W.R. Grace and Company from 1885 until 1913, when it was purchased by the India House, a private club for gentlemen involved in foreign commerce. It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1977. It currently houses restaurants. It was also used in the 2001 film Kate & Leopold as Leopold's family home.

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