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Acacia donaldsonii facts for kids

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Acacia donaldsonii
Scientific classification
Acacia donaldsoniiDistMap303.png
Occurrence data from AVH

Acacia donaldsonii is a shrub of the genus Acacia and the subgenus Plurinerves that is endemism in an area of south western Australia.


The erect pungent shrub or gnarled tree typically grows to a height of 1.5 to 5 metres (5 to 16 ft) and has terete hairy branchlets that are scarred by raised stem-projections. Like most species of Acacia it has phyllodes rather than true leaves. The evergreen, ascending to erect phyllodes are straight to shallowly incurved with a length of 6 to 14.5 cm (2.4 to 5.7 in) and a diameter of 1.5 to 2.5 mm (0.059 to 0.098 in). The pungent and rigid phyllodes have four to eight distant and obscure main nerves. When it flowers it produces simple inflorescences in groups of towo or more in the axils the spherical flowerheads have a diameter of 4 to 5 mm (0.16 to 0.20 in) and contain 30 to 56 golden coloured flowers. The seed pods that form after flowering resemble a string of beads and are linear and curved and split open as they dry and become more twisted. The leathery and glabrous pod are up to 14 cm (5.5 in) in length and 6 to 10 mm (0.24 to 0.39 in) wide. The dull brown seeds inside have an elliptic to oblong-elliptic shape with a length of 6 to 9 mm (0.24 to 0.35 in).


The species was first formally described by the botanists Richard Sumner Cowan and Bruce Maslin in 1999 as part of the work Acacia miscellany 18. The taxonomy of miscellaneous species with sharply pungent phyllodes in Acacia section Plurinerve as published in the journal Nuytsia. It was reclassified as Racosperma donaldsonii in 2003 by Leslie Pedley then transferred back to gnus Acacia in 2006.


It is native to an area in the Goldfields-Esperance region of Western Australia where it commonly situated on saline stony plains, near salt lakes and sandplains growing in clay, clay-loam, gravelly and sandy soils. It has a scatttered distribution and is found from around Windimurra and Weebo Station and Lake Yindarlgooda in the north down to around Norseman in the south as well as Carlisle Lakes as a part of low open shrubland with various species of Atriplex and Maireana.

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