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Adriana Olguín
Olguin, Adriana.jpg
Adriana Olguín de Baltra at the age of 101.
Minister of Justice
In office
29 July 1952 (1952-07-29) – 3 November 1952 (1952-11-03)
President Gabriel González Videla
Preceded by Humberto Parada Berger
Succeeded by Orlando Latorre González
Personal details
Luz Adriana Margarita Olguín Buche

(1911-11-18)18 November 1911
Valparaíso, Chile
Died 24 December 2015(2015-12-24) (aged 104)
Viña del Mar, Chile
Political party Independent (caucuses with Radical Party)
Spouse Alberto Baltra
Alma mater University of Chile
Occupation lawyer, politician

Adriana Margarita Olguín Büche (born Luz Adriana Margarita Olguín Buche; 18 November 1911 – 24 December 2015) was a Chilean lawyer and politician. She was the Minister of Justice during the rule of Gabriel González Videla, making Olguín the first female minister of Chile.

Early life and education

Adriana Olguín de Baltra was born in Valparaíso in 1911 to Arsenio Olguín and Adela Büche. After studying in her hometown at the Liceo No 2 de Niñas, she joined the Faculty of Law and Social Sciences at the University of Chile. Olguín completed her thesis in 1936, Legal Loopholes and Judicial Discretion. Two years later she became a lawyer with "unanimous distinction". While studying at the university, she met her future husband, Alberto Baltra, with whom she had one son, Luis Alberto.


After university, Olguín had a number of positions, both as a professional attorney for Valparaiso Customs and as a professor of Constitutional and Administrative Law. She was also politically active, having established the National Association of Housewives. Like her husband, she sympathized with the Radical Party, but was never an active member in it.

She was appointed Minister of Justice in 1952, during the government of Gabriel González Videla. Though she served only a short period of time, she is credited as being the first woman ever to hold a cabinet post in Latin America. Shortly after Olguín's appointment as Minister of Justice, María Teresa del Canto was named Minister of Education (1952–53), though women did not play a significant role in Chilean government until the 1990s.

Between 1946 and 1953 she worked in the Women's Bureau. In 1955 she joined the board of the Bar Association and during the 60's she was legal adviser to the Comptroller General of the Republic. She later joined the State Council convened by the military regime between 1981 and 1989.

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Adriana Olguín para niños

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