Application layer gateway facts for kids
An application layer gateway is a special firewall which does stateful packet inspection. Some protocols such as TFTP use ports chosen at random. An application layer gateway can strengthen such a system by only allowing communication on ports which are used by one of the sessions. Note that this setup is different from a proxy firewall (also called application layer firewall). Such a firewall will also look at the payload data being transmitted.
Application layer gateway Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.