Armistice with Germany (Compiègne) facts for kids
The armistice treaty between the Allies, who fought Germany during World War I, and Germany was signed in a railway carriage in Compiègne Forest on 11 November 1918, and marked the end of the First World War on the Western Front. Marshal Ferdinand Foch, the Allied Commander-in-chief, and Matthias Erzberger, Germany's representative were the most important persons who signed it.
Acting German commander Paul von Hindenburg had requested arrangements for a meeting from Ferdinand Foch via telegram on 7 November. He was under pressure of imminent revolution in Berlin, Munich and elsewhere across Germany.
For the Allies, the personnel involved were entirely military:
- Marshal of France Ferdinand Foch, the Allied supreme commander
- First Sea Lord Admiral Rosslyn Wemyss, the British representative
- General Maxime Weygand, Foch's Chief of staff
- Matthias Erzberger, a civilian politician;
- Count Alfred von Oberndorff, from the Foreign Ministry;
- Major General Detlev von Winterfeldt, the army;
- Captain Ernst Vanselow, the navy.
General Weygand and General von Gruennel are not mentioned in the (French) document.
The peace between the Allies and Germany that followed this armistice was the Treaty of Versailles in 1919.
Images for kids
Painting depicting the signatories of the Armistice in the railway carriage. From left to right are German Admiral Ernst Vanselow, German Count Alfred von Oberndorff of the Foreign Ministry, German General Detlof von Winterfeldt (with helmet), British naval officer Captain Jack Marriott, and standing in front of the table, Matthias Erzberger, head of the German delegation. Behind the table are two British naval officers, Rear-Admiral George Hope, First Sea Lord Admiral Sir Rosslyn Wemyss, and the French representatives, Marshal Ferdinand Foch (standing), and General Maxime Weygand.
Armistice with Germany (Compiègne) Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.