Armistice with Germany (Compiègne) facts for kids
The armistice treaty between the Allies, who fought Germany during World War I, and Germany was signed in a railway carriage in Compiègne Forest on 11 November 1918, and marked the end of the First World War on the Western Front. Marshal Ferdinand Foch, the Allied Commander-in-chief, and Matthias Erzberger, Germany's representative were the most important persons who signed it.
Acting German commander Paul von Hindenburg had requested arrangements for a meeting from Ferdinand Foch via telegram on 7 November. He was under pressure of imminent revolution in Berlin, Munich and elsewhere across Germany.
For the Allies, the personnel involved were entirely military:
- Marshal of France Ferdinand Foch, the Allied supreme commander
- First Sea Lord Admiral Rosslyn Wemyss, the British representative
- General Maxime Weygand, Foch's Chief of staff
- Matthias Erzberger, a civilian politician;
- Count Alfred von Oberndorff, from the Foreign Ministry;
- Major General Detlev von Winterfeldt, the army;
- Captain Ernst Vanselow, the navy.
General Weygand and General von Gruennel are not mentioned in the (French) document.
The peace between the Allies and Germany that followed this armistice was the Treaty of Versailles in 1919.
Images for kids
Photograph taken after reaching agreement for the armistice that ended World War I. This is Ferdinand Foch's own railway carriage in the Forest of Compiègne. Foch's chief of staff Maxime Weygand is second from left. Third from the left is the senior British representative, Sir Rosslyn Wemyss. Foch is second from the right. On the right is Admiral Sir George Hope.
The declaration of the Republic at the Reichstag building on 9 November.
Painting depicting the signature of the armistice in the railway carriage. Behind the table, from right to left, General Weygand, Marshal Foch (standing) and British Admiral Rosslyn Wemyss and fourth from the left, British Naval Captain Jack Marriott. In the foreground, Matthias Erzberger, Major General Detlof von Winterfeldt (with helmet), Alfred von Oberndorff and Ernst Vanselow.
Commemorations at the Arc de Triomphe in Paris on 11 November 2018, in remembrance for the centenary of the end of the war.
Armistice with Germany (Compiègne) Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.