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Asclepias quadrifolia facts for kids

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Asclepias quadrifolia
Asclepias quadrifolia.jpg
Conservation status

Secure (NatureServe)
Scientific classification
Genus:
Asclepias
Species:
quadrifolia

Asclepias quadrifolia is a species of milkweed commonly called fourleaf milkweed or whorled milkweed. The plant occurs in the eastern United States and Canada.

Description

Fourleaf milkweed is a perennial herb from a fleshy rhizome. The plant is small and slender compared to other milkweeds at only 45 cm tall. Leaves usually elliptic to ovate, opposite in arrangement but clustered to form a false whorl, 2.5-12.0 cm long, 1–6 cm wide. Pale pink to white flowers are borne in rounded, usually pendulous clusters from the leaf axils and terminus. The fruit is a follicle or pod which is very slender, 3.2 to 5.6 inches long, 1/4 to 1/3 thick, lacking tubercles, minutely hairy to glabrous; seeds broadly oval, to 1/3 inch long, tufted with white to tan hairs at tips.

Fourleaf Milkweed Old Pods
Approximately 1 year old remaining pods of fourleaf milkweed

Habitat

Unlike more commonly known species such as common milkweed or butterflyweed, fourleaf milkweed is a woodland denizen. It usually occurs in dry, rocky open forest. It is frequently found on upland slopes.

Ecology

Insects that take nectar from the plant include bumblebees and other bees, wasps, ants, flies, and butterflies. The caterpillars of the monarch butterfly feed on the foliage.

Toxicity

Most Asclepias are toxic if consumed in large quantities due to cardiac glycoside content.

Cultivation

Fourleaf milkweed is rare in cultivation.

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