kids encyclopedia robot

Barrow Hill Local Nature Reserve facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Barrow Hill
The Dudley Volcano - - 396594.jpg
View from the top of Barrow Hill
Type Local Nature Reserve
Location Pensnett, England
Created 2005 (2005)
Operated by Dudley Metropolitan Borough Council

Barrow Hill Local Nature Reserve is a local nature reserve situated in Pensnett in the county of West Midlands, England. Its most distinctive feature, Barrow Hill, is the remnant of an extinct volcano that erupted 315 million years ago. The reserve was created in 2005.


The area was once woodland inside Pensnett Chase, which was mainly common land under the lordship of the Barons of Dudley. The hard volcanic rock (dolerite) that forms Barrow Hill was quarried in the 19th century for use as road stone. Another reminder of the industrial age in the reserve is a footpath that follows the course of one of the Earl of Dudley's private railways. The reserve was created in 2005.


The reserve is located at Pensnett, near to St Marks Church and Russells Hall Hospital. Access is via Vicarage Lane, Pensnett.


The reserve is dominated by Barrow Hill, the remains of an extinct volcano. The effects of quarrying for dolerite can be clearly seen. The quarrying removed the two barrows (Bronze Age burial mounds) that gave the hill its name. Exposed rock faces in the quarries reveal volcanic features, such as hexagonal pillars that formed during the cooling of the magma.

The area contains woodland, such as Barrow Hill Copse, along with meadowland and ponds.

kids search engine
Barrow Hill Local Nature Reserve Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.